Systolic blood pressure increases during exercise because the heart pumps more blood to the muscles and lungs. In a healthy person, it takes 10 to 20 minutes for systolic blood pressure to return to normal following vigorous aerobic exercise, reports PT Direct.Know More
When the body is at rest, it directs approximately 60 percent of its blood volume to vital organs. During exercise, the heart pumps more blood to aid the working muscles and lungs. The more blood the heart pumps, the greater the pressure inside the blood vessels. As a result, systolic blood pressure increases, states PT Direct. A person's systolic blood pressure is the amount of pressure in the arteries when the heart muscle contracts, as defined by American Heart Association.
Aerobic exercise lowers blood pressure and makes the heart stronger, notes WebMD. WebMD recommends that adults get at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity per day, five days per week. Brisk walking counts as moderate physical activity. Exercising vigorously for 20 minutes per day, three to four days per week, also benefits the heart. Jogging is an example of a vigorous, aerobic exercise.
Individuals with a history of high blood pressure must use caution when beginning an exercise program. Dr. Vic Froelicher recommends exercising consistently, standing up slowly after exercising on the floor and avoiding competitive exercise, reports Selene Yeager of Prevention.Learn more in Exercise
The respiratory system experiences an increase in breathing rate in direct response to the intensity of the exercise performed. According to PT Direct, breathing rates can increase up to 50 breaths per minute during exercise. That is 35 breaths per minute over the normal resting rate of 15 breaths per minute.Full Answer >
As soon as a person begins to exercise, the heart begins beating more rapidly in an effort to pump oxygen-containing blood to the muscles. In order to contract, which they must during exercise, muscles require more oxygen than they do when at rest. A person's heart rate continues to increase with more exertion until it reaches its maximum capacity.Full Answer >
The immediate effects of exercise on the muscular system include muscle contraction, higher blood flow to muscles and increased muscle temperature, according to the BBC. Regular training increases bone width and density, strengthens muscles, tendons and ligaments, and increases flexibility at joints. It also leads to bigger muscles, more stable joints and improved muscle endurance.Full Answer >
The body needs more oxygen during exercise because the muscles need to produce more energy for the body to become more active, explains the Lung Institute of Western Australia. This is done by breaking down glucose from food.Full Answer >