What is third-stage kidney failure?
Credit: Getty Images Getty Images News Getty Images
Q:

What is third-stage kidney failure?

A:

Quick Answer

In the third stage of kidney failure, an individual has a moderate amount of damage to the kidneys due to chronic kidney disease. DaVita Health Care Partners lists these symptoms as including fatigue, fluid retention, changes in urination, kidney pain and sleep problems.

  Know More

Full Answer

In stage three kidney failure, patients often begin to experience more symptoms of their disease. The fatigue is often due to anemia, a common issue for individuals with chronic kidney disease. As the kidneys lose their ability to maintain the fluid the body retains, it is common to notice swelling of the lower legs and hands. The face takes on a puffy appearance around the eyes, and the excess fluid causes the individual to feel short of breath. When high in protein, urine becomes foamy, while blood in the urine turns it dark orange, brown or red. The frequency of urination often changes. Individuals with polycystic kidney disease or infections experience pain in the lower back. The itching, restless legs and muscle cramps associated with this stage of the disease often interfere with sleep.

Doctors use glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to determine the stage of the disease. This test considers several factors and uses a mathematical formula to estimate GFR level, according to DaVita Health Care Partners.

The National Kidney Foundation reports there are more than 26 million Americans with kidney disease. Early diagnosis and treatment prevent complications and more serious disease. The National Kidney Foundation recommends screening by means of blood pressure testing, urinalysis and GFR testing.

Learn more about Conditions & Diseases

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is renal failure?

    A:

    Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, is when the kidneys shut down and require invasive treatment in order to function, reports the American Kidney Fund. Kidney failure can occur slowly over time, or it can occur almost instantly.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is feline kidney failure?

    A:

    Feline kidney failure, also known as uremia, is the buildup of toxic waste in the kidneys due to their inability to remove the waste from the blood. Kidney failure is the leading cause of death in house cats; the condition can come on suddenly or progress over a matter of months and often doesn't show its presence until acute damage has already occurred.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is end stage renal failure?

    A:

    End stage renal failure is a permanent condition in which the kidneys stop functioning well enough to support the body's needs, states the American Kidney Fund. This happens after chronic kidney disease, according to MedlinePlus. Patients with end stage renal failure need a kidney transplant or dialysis to survive.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is acute renal failure?

    A:

    Acute renal failure is a condition in which the kidneys are suddenly unable to filter and eliminate waste from the blood, as stated by Mayo Clinic. The process is very rapid and occurs within two days, according to MedlinePlus.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore