Q:

What do they do in toenail melanoma surgery ?

A:

Melanoma in the toenail region is surgically removed by making an incision that is wide and deep enough to completely remove the cancerous growth. The excision may remove part or all of the toenail, according to DermNet NZ.

Before doing surgery, the doctor usually performs a biopsy on the affected toe, according to UC San Francisco General Surgery. A sample of the melanoma is removed for medical diagnosis. Sometimes the biopsy removes the entire growth and no further surgery is needed. For serious cases, the doctor informs the patient about the results of the biopsy and recommends a more extensive surgical procedure.

Surgical removal often requires taking off the entire toenail. The doctor uses surgical tools to get rid of as much of the cancerous melanoma growth as possible, with severity of treatment done according to the melanoma's stage of malignancy. There are cases when it is necessary to amputate part of the toe. Amputation is done when the cancer has severely impacted the toe.

Toe melanoma can spread to other areas of the body, in particular, the lymph nodes, skin tissue, brain, lungs and organs. When there is confirmation of it spreading beyond the toe, additional treatment remedies are recommended. Patients may undergo chemotherapy, biological therapy, photodynamic therapy or radiation treatment, according to the National Cancer Institute. In some cases, experimental treatments are tried with patient consent.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is the surgery that makes feet smaller?

    A:

    According to Time, "Cinderella surgery" involves amputating parts of the toes to shorten feet. CBS News points out that this is sometimes done for health reasons, such as constant foot pain or deformities. However, some women choose surgery in order to fit into very high heels or smaller shoe sizes.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How much does nose job surgery cost?

    A:

    A nose job, also known as rhinoplasty, ranges between $3,000 and $8,000 per procedure, according to DocShop, and costs vary depending on the surgeon’s skills and location. The cost is highly dependent upon the extent of the procedures that the patient wants done and the time that they consume.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do you recover from plantar fasciitis surgery?

    A:

    Recovery after plantar fasciitis surgery typically includes wearing a cast or brace to prevent putting weight on the affected foot, according to WebMD. The cast is worn for two to three weeks to allow healing. If the surgery is endoscopic, which uses very small instruments, some weight can be put on the affected foot right away. Normal activities usually can be resumed in three to six weeks.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    When do you need surgery on a torn rotator cuff?

    A:

    Surgery is recommended to repair a torn rotator cuff when the patient continues to have pain after trying more conservative options, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Surgery is also advised if the patient is very active or uses the arms for overhead work or sports.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore