Melanoma in the toenail region is surgically removed by making an incision that is wide and deep enough to completely remove the cancerous growth. The excision may remove part or all of the toenail, according to DermNet NZ.
Before doing surgery, the doctor usually performs a biopsy on the affected toe, according to UC San Francisco General Surgery. A sample of the melanoma is removed for medical diagnosis. Sometimes the biopsy removes the entire growth and no further surgery is needed. For serious cases, the doctor informs the patient about the results of the biopsy and recommends a more extensive surgical procedure.
Surgical removal often requires taking off the entire toenail. The doctor uses surgical tools to get rid of as much of the cancerous melanoma growth as possible, with severity of treatment done according to the melanoma's stage of malignancy. There are cases when it is necessary to amputate part of the toe. Amputation is done when the cancer has severely impacted the toe.
Toe melanoma can spread to other areas of the body, in particular, the lymph nodes, skin tissue, brain, lungs and organs. When there is confirmation of it spreading beyond the toe, additional treatment remedies are recommended. Patients may undergo chemotherapy, biological therapy, photodynamic therapy or radiation treatment, according to the National Cancer Institute. In some cases, experimental treatments are tried with patient consent.Learn More
Sebaceous cysts are removed from the scalp through incision and drainage, minor surgery or laser removal, according to the Mayo Clinic. Most commonly removed due to discomfort or cosmetic reasons, sebaceous cysts typically don't cause any serious health problems. It is important to avoid popping or picking at a sebaceous cyst, as this can cause scarring and infection.Full Answer >
Gastric bypass surgery is the procedure of cutting the stomach into large and small sections to shrink the size of the stomach, according to WebMD. The procedure allows patients to feel full faster, forcing them to eat less.Full Answer >
The Wall Street Journal reports one type of chronic pain suffered after hernia surgery is a sharp, stabbing pain as a result of nerves getting caught in the mesh used to repair the herniated organs. WebMD states most hernia patients experience pain up to seven days after surgery before the pain subsides. The Ulster Medical Journal explains one common pain is tenderness in the groin area following surgery.Full Answer >
Surgery is recommended to repair a torn rotator cuff when the patient continues to have pain after trying more conservative options, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Surgery is also advised if the patient is very active or uses the arms for overhead work or sports.Full Answer >