Melanoma in the toenail region is surgically removed by making an incision that is wide and deep enough to completely remove the cancerous growth. The excision may remove part or all of the toenail, according to DermNet NZ.Know More
Before doing surgery, the doctor usually performs a biopsy on the affected toe, according to UC San Francisco General Surgery. A sample of the melanoma is removed for medical diagnosis. Sometimes the biopsy removes the entire growth and no further surgery is needed. For serious cases, the doctor informs the patient about the results of the biopsy and recommends a more extensive surgical procedure.
Surgical removal often requires taking off the entire toenail. The doctor uses surgical tools to get rid of as much of the cancerous melanoma growth as possible, with severity of treatment done according to the melanoma's stage of malignancy. There are cases when it is necessary to amputate part of the toe. Amputation is done when the cancer has severely impacted the toe.
Toe melanoma can spread to other areas of the body, in particular, the lymph nodes, skin tissue, brain, lungs and organs. When there is confirmation of it spreading beyond the toe, additional treatment remedies are recommended. Patients may undergo chemotherapy, biological therapy, photodynamic therapy or radiation treatment, according to the National Cancer Institute. In some cases, experimental treatments are tried with patient consent.Learn more about Health
According to Time, "Cinderella surgery" involves amputating parts of the toes to shorten feet. CBS News points out that this is sometimes done for health reasons, such as constant foot pain or deformities. However, some women choose surgery in order to fit into very high heels or smaller shoe sizes.Full Answer >
Toenail melanoma is a form of skin cancer that forms underneath the toenail, states DermNet NZ. Melanoma that forms underneath the toenail often appears as a brown or black streak under the nail.Full Answer >
Once the stinger has been removed, treat the pain and itching of a bee sting with ice, an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen and an over-the-counter antihistamine such as diphenhydramine, according to eMedicineHealth. Elevate the affected area to reduce discomfort due to swelling.Full Answer >
Sebaceous cysts are removed from the scalp through incision and drainage, minor surgery or laser removal, according to the Mayo Clinic. Most commonly removed due to discomfort or cosmetic reasons, sebaceous cysts typically don't cause any serious health problems. It is important to avoid popping or picking at a sebaceous cyst, as this can cause scarring and infection.Full Answer >