A split on the tongue is believed to be a normal variation of the tongue so there is no specific cause for it. This condition is referred to as a fissured tongue and a person can have one or more fissures on the tongue. A fissured tongue is harmless, but a doctor can be consulted for an official diagnosis if necessary, says WebMD.Know More
A fissured tongue is characterized by grooves, cracks and grooves connecting with other grooves. A tongue may have several fissures, but all vary in depth and length. Fissures are not a symptom of any underlying problem unless there is a buildup of debris in them. This condition is more common in adults, but it may appear first during childhood. Fissures tend to become more pronounced as a person gets older.
There are certain health conditions that are associated with fissures, including geographic tongue, down syndrome and Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. About 2 percent to 5 percent of the U.S. population has a fissured tongue and it affects men more often than women, as stated by WebMD. This condition does not require treatment, according to Healthline. When a fissured tongue causes a problem, doctors will always advise a person to ensure good oral hygiene.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
There are different reasons for a person to chew on their tongue; a common reason is attributed to stress, some more serious reasons are possibly due to hairy leukoplakia or even the human immunodeficiency virus commonly called HIV. Tongue chewing is not that uncommon and can be diagnosed by a dentist during a routine checkup.Full Answer >
Some of the most common conditions that can make an individual experience odd sensations on the tongue include tongue injury, thrush, geographic tongue, burning tongue syndrome and oral leukoplakia. If the sensation causes prolonged discomfort, seeing a doctor is advisable.Full Answer >
Stomatitis, or an inflamed and sore mouth, has a variety of causes including allergies, deficiencies and viruses, according to WebMD. Several types of stomatitis include canker sores, cold sores and mouth irritation.Full Answer >
Excess bacteria or growth of yeast in the mouth causes black hairy tongue, according to WebMD. Papillae are very small, rounded pinkish-white projections on the tongue's surface. When bacteria builds up on papillae, they grow long, absorb pigment from food and other sources, and turn black.Full Answer >