Transaminitis is the elevation of transaminases in the liver, most commonly alanine transaminase and asperate transaminase. This condition is often discovered in asymptomatic patients in primary care.Know More
As explained by Wikipedia, transaminases provide two main functions within the liver: breaking down amino acids and converting energy storage molecules. The amount of transaminases present in the plasma, or serum, portion of the blood is normally low. However, in the presence of liver damage, liver cell membranes become compromised and more permeable. They can thereby leak some of the enzymes into blood circulation.
A common cause for transaminitis is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition that is estimated to affect up to 30 percent of the population, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. Other common causes include medical-associated liver injury, viral hepatitis, hemochromatosis and alcoholic liver disease. Thyroid disorders, autoimmune hepatitis, celiac disease, hemolysis and muscle disorders are less common contributing conditions. Evidence to guide diagnostic efforts is limited but is usually comprised of testing procedures like blood work to check iron-binding capacity, fasting lipid profile and blood glucose measurement. Observation and re-evaluation are important aspects of a long-term liver analysis and may lead to additional testing, such as ultrasonography. Further evaluations, including liver biopsy, are recommended if transaminase levels remain elevated for a period of six months or more.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
An ultrasound for the liver is the same type of abdominal ultrasound used to look at the baby in the womb of a pregnant female. A liver ultrasound requires the patient to lie on a table, have gel placed on the skin and have a wand moved over the abdomen.Full Answer >
Liver hypodensity is a term used by radiologists to describe areas of the liver on CT scans, according to Dr. Tracy A. Berg. It means there are areas of the liver that appear less dense on a CT scan than the surrounding liver tissue.Full Answer >
Ultrasounds of the liver and surrounding organs diagnose the cause of pain in the abdomen. They look for causes of infections and abnormal liver function tests, damage after an injury, and tumors and cancers. The exact reason to have a liver ultrasound depends on the patient's symptoms, notes MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
Liver function tests often involve many different measurements that can often be hard to understand. The main values measured in a liver blood test are the aminotransferases (ALT and AST), each accompanied with a range that is considered normal, states eMedicineHealth.Full Answer >