Pancreatic cysts may be treated with careful observation, draining and surgery depending on the type of cysts on the organ, according to the Mayo Clinic. Objects called benign pseudocysts and serous cystadenomas usually do not become cancerous, and these cysts can be left alone unless they cause symptoms. Any cysts smaller than 0.39 inch, or 1 centimeter, can be viewed with a CT scan after one year.Know More
MedicineNet.com reveals that treatment options vary based on circumstances regarding pancreatic cysts. A doctor may closely monitor a cyst that remains on the organ six weeks after acute pancreatitis to see if the cyst grows. Large cysts following pancreatitis may obstruct the stomach, cause abdominal pain or become infected. Larger cysts, usually more than 1 centimeter in diameter, may be drained using a small needle or examined with an endoscopic ultrasound. Cysts more than 0.78 inch, or 2 centimeters, in younger patients with no other health problems may be surgically removed. Older patients with cysts more than 2 centimeters may have the object drained.
Upon draining a cyst, doctors study the DNA and fluid cytology of the cyst to determine if the cyst is precancerous, cancerous or benign. MedicineNet.com explains that the results of these tests may determine whether or not surgery is required.
The National Pancreas Foundation indicates two main types of cysts form on the pancreas. Serous cysts contain thin fluid, whereas mucinous cysts contain thicker, more viscous liquid. Most serous cysts are benign and certain mucinous cysts may become cancerous.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Kidney Cancer Institute explains simple kidney cysts do not pose a cancer risk to patients, whereas complex kidney cysts have different characteristics that may make them cancerous. A simple kidney cyst is spherical, is filled with liquid and contains a thin outer membrane. A complex kidney cyst is usually irregular, contains calcified material and has a thick outer membrane.Full Answer >
According to the Center for Specialized Gynecology, pelvic cysts are fluid-filled pockets that form in the pelvic region, most often on the ovaries. Symptoms of pelvic and ovarian cysts include irregular menstrual cycles, frequent urination, pelvic pain and nausea. Pelvic cysts are sometimes caused by incomplete ovulation and can also occur after surgical procedures. In many cases, pelvic cysts clear up without treatment, but certain cases require medical treatment.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the causes of kidney cysts are unclear, according to WebMD. These cysts do not appear to have a genetic component. Males are more prone to kidney cysts than females, and these cysts are extremely common in people over 50.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, kidney cysts are closed pockets filled with fluid or tissue. They can become infected or start bleeding, in which case they are called hemorrhagic. They can also increase in size and become painful when pressing on the walls of other organs.Full Answer >