According to MedlinePlus, individuals with bruises, including deep or bone bruises, should ice the injury to prevent swelling and reduce pain. Wrapping the ice in a towel before applying it to the skin prevents direct contact and helps to stop tissue damage. MedlinePlus recommends applying ice for 15 minutes of every hour.
According to the New Health Guide, swelling is the primary sign of a bone bruise. However, other injuries, including broken bones, also cause swelling. An X-ray rules out these other causes of swelling. In addition to using ice, elevation of the bruise above the heart helps to reduce swelling.
OrthoInfo from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons notes that doctors often recommend use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to help reduce inflammation and pain. However, the New Health Guide warns patients with bruises to avoid the use of aspirin as it has the potential to make bruising worse by increasing bleeding.
MedlinePlus warns individuals suffering bruises to call their medical provider if the bruise causes extreme pressure in the area and is large or painful. These symptoms sometimes indicate compartment syndrome, which increases the pressure on soft tissues and other structures under the skin. The pressure decreases the blood and oxygen to the tissues and is potentially life-threatening, requiring emergency care.Learn More
The time taken for a bruise to appear depends on the cause of the injury and the severity of the injury. Bruises that appear within 30 minutes of an injury indicate a serious injury, such as a fracture, as stated by WebMD.Full Answer >
A bruise on the knuckles should be treated with ice for 24 to 48 hours after it occurs to minimize pain and swelling, states WebMD. The ice should be applied for 15 minutes at a time with a towel creating a barrier between the ice and the skin. Elevating and resting the affected hand also helps promote healing.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, a swollen nose due to injury can be treated by immediately applying ice or a cold pack to the affected area. Ice helps to minimize swelling, inflammation and pain. WebMD recommends applying ice at least three times per day for 10- to-20 minute intervals. Sleeping in a position in which the head remains elevated also helps to reduce swelling.Full Answer >
Treatment for a pulled latissimus dorsi, a muscle in the back, involves the use of ice to reduce swelling, muscle spasms and pain for the first two to three days after the injury, according to Cleveland Clinic. Once the swelling decreases, heat therapy helps to increase blood flow and speed healing. Nonprescription pain medication also helps to reduce pain.Full Answer >