Abdominal cramps after a period has ended can be a sign of endometriosis, according to WebMD. Caused by uterine tissue growing outside of the uterus, endometriosis can cause cramping before and after periods as well as after urination, sexual intercourse or after bowel movements. Other causes for cramping after a period include fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease and certain sexually transmitted infections, according to MedlinePlus.Know More
Some types of intrauterine devices, such as those made with copper, can also cause abnormal cramping after the period has ended, according to MedlinePlus. If this is the cause, a doctor may recommend removing the IUD or switching to a hormonal IUD that minimizes the chance of side effects.
It is important to contact a doctor for any pain that continues after a period has ended for evaluation, according to MedlinePlus. During an appointment a doctor may perform a pelvic evaluation, vaginal culture, laparoscopy, CBC blood count and an ultrasound to determine the cause of the pain. In some cases, such as endometriosis and fibroids, surgery may be required to remove the tissue that is causing the pain. If the cause for cramping is a sexually transmitted infection, the doctor prescribes medication to treat the infection.Learn more about Menstruation
Implantation cramps are felt anywhere from a week to a few days before your period is due according to WebMD. If an embryo is fertilized, it will implant in the uterus anywhere from 7 to 12 days after you have ovulated. Implantation cramps may feel very similar to menstrual cramps.Full Answer >
According to Healthline, spotting between periods is quite common. Although rarely cause for alarm, it can sometimes occur due to underlying medical conditions such as stress, hormonal imbalances, thyroid disorders, miscarriage, polycystic ovary syndrome, diabetes, uterine fibroids or polyps, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, bladder or vaginal infections, vaginal dryness or cancer of the cervix, vagina, uterus or ovaries. A woman should visit a doctor to assess any concerns.Full Answer >
Women can stop their periods by taking hormonal contraceptives, according to WeMD. Medicines launched in 2003, such as Seasonale, let women have periods only four times per year. In 2007, the FDA approved Lybrel, an oral contraceptive that touts no periods at all or just one annual period due to strong hormonal contraceptives. WebMD states Lybrel may cause breakthrough bleeding and spotting when used as directed.Full Answer >
Healthline identifies several factors that cause spotting between periods, including hormonal imbalances, pregnancy complications, uterine fibroids or polyps, infection, and the presence of an intrauterine device. Due to the number of possible causes for abnormal vaginal bleeding, it is best to seek medical advice to determine its cause.Full Answer >