History

A:

Several inventors created typing machines similar to a typewriter. The first person to develop, patent and mass-produce a typing machine was Rasmus Malling-Hansen of Denmark. Malling-Hansen first patented his writing ball in 1870, but continued to update and improve his typing machine for nearly a decade.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
    • What are some ancient Babylonian inventions?

      Q: What are some ancient Babylonian inventions?

      A:

      Ancient Babylon provided a wide variety of ancient inventions that are still used today, including glazed bricks and the seeder plow. Glazed bricks were used in ancient Babylon as a way to decorate temples and other buildings. Some of the bricks that have been excavated date back to the mid-1800s B.C.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • What weapons did the Babylonians use?

      Q: What weapons did the Babylonians use?

      A:

      The ancient Babylonians used sharpened weapons such as sickle swords, socketed axes, spears, and the Egyptian-derived bladed mace, as well as clubs and staffs, and projectiles flung from war slings. The Babylonians were a Bronze Age people, so the bladed weapons they used were made of a softer metal than later civilization's iron and steel. This made them less effective in battle than iron and iron-alloy based weapons, as iron is harder and harder blades can take a sharper point.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • What kind of government did Sparta have?

      Q: What kind of government did Sparta have?

      A:

      Sparta had what is known as a diarchical monarchy. The government's complete makeup consisted of dual kings; a council of about 30 gerontes or gerousia, which are rich elders; the ephors, a small council of five people and an assembly, called the Appella or Demos, of the common people who gathered once a month.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • What was the role of kings in ancient Mesopotamia?

      Q: What was the role of kings in ancient Mesopotamia?

      A:

      The king's role in ancient Mesopotamia was to keep order in a world of many threats and in the context of an extremely pessimistic worldview. With constant dangers of floods and drought, kings had to protect the people in the realm, gather all the resources they could muster and honor the local gods whom the populace believed had the power to protect or destroy them.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • What was the religion of the Han dynasty?

      Q: What was the religion of the Han dynasty?

      A:

      The main religion of the Han dynasty was Taoism. The Han dynasty also embraced the philosophical ideas of Confucianism. Buddhism was brought to China during the Han dynasty.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • What was the climate like in the area where the Iroqois lived?

      Q: What was the climate like in the area where the Iroqois lived?

      A:

      The climate in the areas where the Iroqois Indians lived falls within the humid continental climate classification system. Iroquois Indian lands and influence extended north into Canada and south to today's Tennessee border.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • See More Ancient History Questions
    • What were the effects of the Crusades?

      Q: What were the effects of the Crusades?

      A:

      Two major effects of the Crusades were that the kings' authority increased and the Europeans learned about new things from the Muslims they encountered. During the Crusades, the kings increased taxes to fund the cause. Many peasants also left their land to fight, and when they died, the land went to the king. With large amounts of money and land coming in, the kings gained power.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • Why was the Middle Ages also called the Dark Ages?

      Q: Why was the Middle Ages also called the Dark Ages?

      A:

      The term known as the Middle Ages is synonymous with the Dark Ages for several reasons as the period between 500-1500 A.D. included political turmoil, social unrest and the spread of disease. The Middle Ages brought great change to Europe in many respects, including social mobility, politics and the way of life. Some changes proved beneficial, but the time period experienced negative effects from the change too.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England?

      Q: Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England?

      A:

      King Henry VIII created the Church of England in 1536 as a result of a dispute with the pope, who would not permit Henry to get a divorce from his wife and marry his long-time mistress. Henry's marital history started under a cloud of suspicion, as his marriage to Catherine of Aragon meant he was forming a union with his brother's widow. Whether his series of divorces was actually the result of his failure to produce a male heir or some other form of instability is a matter of some dispute, but the reason for forming the Anglican Church was to give Henry the right to act as the head of his own church and marry as he pleased.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • What did the Vikings invent?

      Q: What did the Vikings invent?

      A:

      The Vikings invented the longboat during the Vikings Age from 800 to 1100 A.D. This type of ship helped them travel the oceans to reach France, England, Scotland, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Vinland and the Middle East. Thus, they became a dominant force in European medieval trade, politics and warfare.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • Where was the Trojan War fought?

      Q: Where was the Trojan War fought?

      A:

      According to Greek mythology, the Trojan War was fought between the Greeks and the Trojans in the city of Troy in Asia Minor. This is the region of modern-day Turkey. The war took place from 1194 to 1184 B.C., lasting nearly 10 years.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • What countries did the Vikings invade?

      Q: What countries did the Vikings invade?

      A:

      During the Viking Age, between the seventh and 11th centuries, Norse traders, raiders and colonists established a presence in countries as far apart as modern-day Canada and Iran. The Vikings emerged mostly from coastal communities in Norway, Denmark and Sweden to explore, and eventually settle in, most European and Mediterranean countries. They established colonies in North America and maintained a presence in Greenland that lasted nearly 500 years.

      See Full Answer
      Filed Under:
    • See More Middle Ages Questions