Q:

What are the 13 original colonies?

A:

The original 13 colonies were Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,  New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina and Virginia. The colonies were founded between 1633 and 1732.

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Most of the colonies were ratified into states between 1787 and 1790. Delaware was the first colony to achieve statehood on December 7, 1787. Pennsylvania and New Jersey followed later that same month. The last colony to be brought into statehood was Rhode Island in May of 1790. The colonies themselves were broken up into three sections due to geographical location. These sections were referred to as the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies.

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  • Q:

    How were the colonies governed?

    A:

    The American Colonies were mostly self-governing, but they were organized primarily as royal, proprietary or provincial colonies with a bicameral legislature and a governor appointed or approved by the king of England. A second group of colonies, charter or corporate colonies, were self-governing with single-house legislatures and executives elected by the colonists. By the time of the American Revolutionary War, only Connecticut and Rhode Island were charter colonies.

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  • Q:

    What were the "breadbasket colonies"?

    A:

    The "breadbasket colonies" were the North American colonies that produced more food than the other colonies in the country. These colonies were comprised of small farms that grew wheat, apples, peaches and other foods.

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    How were charter colonies governed?

    A:

    A king governed all of the charter colonies in the same way that the British king governed the American charter colonies. The goal of a charter colony was to nurture it and to help it grow in order to increase the amount of wealth that the mother country could accumulate.

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  • Q:

    What were the Middle Colonies?

    A:

    The Middle Colonies were Delaware, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. These states comprised the middle region of the United States in pre-Revolutionary War America.

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