The Amnesty Act of 1872 returned the right to hold office to most of the secessionists who rebelled during the Civil War. The federal government offered the Confederacy amnesty to encourage loyalty and smooth the way for Reconstruction. The Amnesty Act of 1872 was part of a series of acts that granted certain groups of Confederate citizens amnesty and the return of their property and homes.Know More
By 1872, Ulysses S. Grant had assumed the presidency from Andrew Johnson and became responsible for implementing Congress' Reconstruction efforts. During his presidency, he recognized all of the Confederate states as members of the United States with new state governments and federal representation. The Amnesty Act of 1872 excluded only 500 Confederate sympathizers in total.
With their political powers restored, Southern states began electing Democratic candidates to office, intimidating African-American citizens from either voting or running for office. The Republicans eventually agreed to end the radical Reconstruction efforts, leaving the South in the hands of the former Confederacy; this was followed in 1877 by the withdrawal of federal troops, leaving African-Americans to defend their civil rights themselves. Southern blacks found themselves forced into the lives of tenant farmers, beginning a cycle of poverty. The failure of Reconstruction delayed the push for equal rights until the 20th century.Learn more about US History
The impact of the Missouri Compromise was that it maintained the balance of slavery and anti-slavery states and postponed the eruption of the Civil War. It was also the first time Congress became involved in the regulation of slavery.Full Answer >
Major events in the timeline of U.S. history include the American Revolutionary War, the Civil War, and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. These events defined the each period's generation of Americans.Full Answer >
The reconstruction was a period of readjustment after the Civil War that was accompanied by violence and turmoil. The reconstruction had many important achievements including the establishment of black colleges such as Howard University and Fisk University. However, there was a proliferation of corruption in the newly established southern governments, and the task of rebuilding placed a heavy burden on northern economies.Full Answer >
Many factors contributed to the beginning of the Civil War, most notably the divisive issue of whether or not slavery would be allowed in the territories of the United States. At the time, the United States was rapidly expanding westward, and the newly-elected President Lincoln vowed that the newly-acquired land would not allow slavery.Full Answer >