Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.Know More
The Hebrews were a nomadic civilization for much of their history. They spent many years as slaves in Egypt, then wandered in and around the area then known as Canaan before settling down in Jerusalem and its environs.
The ancient Hebrews were also a warlike people group. Once they settled in Canaan, they conducted wars against many of the indigenous civilizations, including the Canaanites and Philistines, in order to be able to stay in that land.
One of the major contributions of the ancient Hebrews to modern civilization was a new understanding of God. The Hebrew scriptures, commonly known as the Old Testament, were written over a span of more than 1,000 years and include history and poetry. In these writings, a monotheistic God appears who is eternal, sovereign and transcendent, in stark contrast to the other typical gods of the Middle East at that time in history. The Hebrew separation of God from nature was a necessary first step in the development of scientific thought.Learn more in Ancient History
Hellenistic civilization was a blend of African, European and Asian cultures. The Greek defeat of the Persian Empire is thought to have signaled the beginning of the Hellenistic period. It is a fusion of Ancient Greek language and culture with that of the conquered locals.Full Answer >
The downfall of the Aztec civilization was the result of many factors, including their religion. Other factors included disease and the lack of loyalty among the people.Full Answer >
The Maurya civilization was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, a native Indian who conquered the Nanda Dynasty and India's southern states by taking advantage of the disruptions of local powers in the wake of the withdrawal Alexander the Great's armies. Maurya then formed a more centralized and stable Indian government.Full Answer >
The eight basic features of a civilization are large population centers, a central administrative body, complex religion, job specialization, social class structures, forms of art and architecture, organized public works, and a system of writing. All of these features are made possible by efficient agricultural systems that allow a group of people within the fledgling civilization to begin specializing their skills toward one of the basic features of a civilization.Full Answer >