Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.Know More
The Hebrews were a nomadic civilization for much of their history. They spent many years as slaves in Egypt, then wandered in and around the area then known as Canaan before settling down in Jerusalem and its environs.
The ancient Hebrews were also a warlike people group. Once they settled in Canaan, they conducted wars against many of the indigenous civilizations, including the Canaanites and Philistines, in order to be able to stay in that land.
One of the major contributions of the ancient Hebrews to modern civilization was a new understanding of God. The Hebrew scriptures, commonly known as the Old Testament, were written over a span of more than 1,000 years and include history and poetry. In these writings, a monotheistic God appears who is eternal, sovereign and transcendent, in stark contrast to the other typical gods of the Middle East at that time in history. The Hebrew separation of God from nature was a necessary first step in the development of scientific thought.Learn more about Ancient History
Many experts believe that the decline of the ancient Aryan civilization was caused by environmental changes. Another theory suggests that a sharp rise in the Aryan population led to the decline.Full Answer >
The last year of the Sumerian civilization was 1750 B.C. when neighboring peoples invaded Sumer, carried away the king and established themselves in the land; the Sumerian people began moving north. The Sumerians bequeathed the 24-hour day, writing, highly advanced agriculture and many religious concepts to human civilization.Full Answer >
Existing from 2600 B.C.E. to 1900 B.C.E., Mohenjo Daro was one of the largest cities of the ancient Indus Valley civilization. It was an agricultural city with a granary, large well and a marketplace. It was well-planned with well-laid out roads and buildings made of bricks of baked mud and burned wood. Some buildings were two-stories high, and the entire city is said to have housed 5000 citizens.Full Answer >
The Phoenicians were members of a Semitic civilization centering on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea that existed from the fourth millennium B.C. until the end of the first millennium B.C. They were famous for trading, inventing an alphabet and manufacturing rich cloth.Full Answer >