Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.Know More
The Hebrews were a nomadic civilization for much of their history. They spent many years as slaves in Egypt, then wandered in and around the area then known as Canaan before settling down in Jerusalem and its environs.
The ancient Hebrews were also a warlike people group. Once they settled in Canaan, they conducted wars against many of the indigenous civilizations, including the Canaanites and Philistines, in order to be able to stay in that land.
One of the major contributions of the ancient Hebrews to modern civilization was a new understanding of God. The Hebrew scriptures, commonly known as the Old Testament, were written over a span of more than 1,000 years and include history and poetry. In these writings, a monotheistic God appears who is eternal, sovereign and transcendent, in stark contrast to the other typical gods of the Middle East at that time in history. The Hebrew separation of God from nature was a necessary first step in the development of scientific thought.Learn more about Ancient History
Five of the key traits of a civilization are a writing system, public architecture, professions, urban centers and the existence of a class of elites who remain exempt from manual labor. Literacy is an important part of a civilization because it serves as a means of recording its history and its world-view. The collection of taxes or tribute in order to provide for basic infrastructure and protection is another trait of a civilization.Full Answer >
Hellenistic civilization was a blend of African, European and Asian cultures. The Greek defeat of the Persian Empire is thought to have signaled the beginning of the Hellenistic period. It is a fusion of Ancient Greek language and culture with that of the conquered locals.Full Answer >
The Maurya civilization was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, a native Indian who conquered the Nanda Dynasty and India's southern states by taking advantage of the disruptions of local powers in the wake of the withdrawal Alexander the Great's armies. Maurya then formed a more centralized and stable Indian government.Full Answer >
Mesopotamia is considered the first civilization. Mesopotamia was an area near modern-day Iraq, Syria and Turkey. Mesopotamia is known as the "cradle of civilization" because it is where both the first civilization evolved and also where writing originated.Full Answer >