Ancient Roman farming was a prestigious and respected occupation that was primarily concerned with spelt cultivation. According to UNRV History, the Romans cultivated asparagus, cucumbers, lettuce, cabbage, garlic, figs, apricots, plums, mulberries and many other types of produce. The Romans also maintained vineyards, olive groves, meadows and irrigated produce gardens. Farmers also raised certain animals. Horses, however, were primarily reserved for war.Know More
HistoryLink 101 explains that there were four types of farms in ancient Rome. Some farms were owned and operated by a single family, while other family farms were leased from wealthy landowners. When family labor was insufficient, farm owners turned to slave labor or made sharecropping arrangements with experienced farmers.
The earliest Roman farms were small and unsophisticated. Farmers soon learned a great deal from the nearby Greeks, who already practiced crop rotation and fertilized their land with manure. The Romans eventually mastered these skills and enjoyed greater crop yields as a result.
Ancient Roman farmers relied on cows and sheep for milk and fresh cheese. Sheep were also valued for their wool and hides. Bees were another important element of Roman agriculture because their honey was the only plentiful source of dietary sweetener.
Snails were the most unusual animals cultivated by the ancient Romans. Snail meat was a rare and expensive delicacy, and the precursor of modern French escargot.Learn more about Ancient Rome
The name of Ancient Roman currency depended on the coin's metal, collectively called aes; a bronze coin was an as, a silver coin was a denarius and a gold coin was an aureus. Ancient Romans also used copper alloy coins called dupondius and metal alloy coins called sestertius.Full Answer >
Ancient Roman coins were made from various materials. When the Romans first started using coins, they made coins from valuable metals such as bronze, gold and silver. The Romans first produced bronze coins, then silver coins and gold coins. The Romans rarely used gold coins, but they were produced.Full Answer >
One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Full Answer >
The Roman Empire began with the crowning of Gaius Octavian Thurinus in 31 B.C. and fell to the German Goths in A.D. 476, for a total of 507 years. The Byzantine Empire, Rome's eastern half, did not fall until the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.Full Answer >