Apolinario Mabini was a Filipino political philosopher, revolutionary and political adviser. He was born in 1864, and in 1896, both his legs became physically disabled from polio.
When the Spanish-American war was looming, Mabini wrote a manifesto warning the Filipinos not to trust the Americans and also criticizing Filipino military abuses. The manifesto got the attention of General Emilio Aguinaldo, an exiled Filipino revolutionary in Hong Kong, who made Mabini his adviser.
In 1899, Mabini was captured by Americans and imprisoned for two years. On release, he wrote patriotic articles for local papers that angered the Americans. He was exiled to Guam by the Americans. At age 39, Mabini died in poverty before returning home to the Philippines.