Apolinario Mabini was a Filipino political philosopher, revolutionary and political adviser. He was born in 1864, and in 1896, both his legs became physically disabled from polio.Know More
When the Spanish-American war was looming, Mabini wrote a manifesto warning the Filipinos not to trust the Americans and also criticizing Filipino military abuses. The manifesto got the attention of General Emilio Aguinaldo, an exiled Filipino revolutionary in Hong Kong, who made Mabini his adviser.
In 1899, Mabini was captured by Americans and imprisoned for two years. On release, he wrote patriotic articles for local papers that angered the Americans. He was exiled to Guam by the Americans. At age 39, Mabini died in poverty before returning home to the Philippines.Learn more in Modern Asia
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Mahatma Gandhi headed India's movement for independence by challenging the British not with violence and weapons, but with peaceful protests and stirring inspirational speeches. Gandhi shared his vision of civilization when he said "An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind."Full Answer >
The partition of India in 1947 was largely an attempt to quell sectarian violence in the country by splitting it into a majority Hindu India and a majority Muslim Pakistan. Mohandas Ghandi and others believed a unified state was a better solution, but the potential of becoming a permanent minority led the Muslim League and other groups to agitate for separation.Full Answer >
The Philippine Revolution was caused by nationalist dissatisfaction with Spanish rule, which created economic, social and religious restrictions. Spain assumed control over the Philippines in 1565, but historians attribute construction of the Suez Canal in 1869, which introduced Filipinos to new concepts of freedom, with planting the seeds for revolution.Full Answer >
The most important effects that the Mongols had on Europe and Asia were increasing the flow of goods and knowledge between the two regions, the unification of present day Russia and the introduction of new diseases. For example, knowledge of gun-making traveled from Asia to Europe during Mongol rule.Full Answer >