On his first expedition, Zebulon Pike left St. Louis, Mo., and explored the Mississippi River as far as Leech Lake and Sandy Lake in Minnesota, and on his second expedition Pike traveled westward to explore the sources of the Red River and the Arkansas River, part of the territory of the newly-acquired Louisiana Purchase. Pike's Peak in Colorado, which he climbed partway, is named after him.Know More
In August 1805, General James Wilkinson, commander of the United States Army, sent Pike up the Mississippi with the task of discovering its headwaters. Pike, then a lieutenant, led twenty men into Minnesota. They spent the winter there and signed a treaty with the Sioux Indians, but they failed to find the river's source.
Wilkinson sent Pike out from St. Louis again in July of 1806. This time he traveled as far as present-day Pueblo, Co., where he explored the mountains and tried to climb Pike's Peak. Afterwards he turned south, and he and his men built a small fort on the shores of the Rio Grande River. As this was then Spanish territory, they were apprehended by Spanish soldiers, who took them first into Mexico before returning them to the United States.
By then, General Wilkinson had been implicated with Aaron Burr in a conspiracy to create a separate nation in the southwest. Pike was briefly suspected of being involved but then cleared. He was later promoted to major and then to general. He died leading an American attack on York, now Toronto in Canada, in 1813.Learn More
In his 1540 expedition to investigate claims of golden cities, Francisco Vazquez de Coronado was sponsored by the viceroy of Mexico City, Antonio de Mendoza. This outside support was sought despite de Coronado's own family's great wealth since, being the younger son, he did not stand to inherit it.Full Answer >
Causes of Imperialism were the desire for economic gain and a belief that a country's values were superior and the desire to spread religion while the effects of Imperialism were increases in infrastructure in the countries being explored and a loss of identity for their citizens. Imperialism benefited the countries doing the colonizing, not the countries being colonized.Full Answer >
The man who explored the Mississippi River was Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle. La Salle, the son of a wealthy merchant, came to the New World to set up trade with the Native Americans.Full Answer >
Some of the negative effects of the Age of Exploration were the huge death tolls suffered by Native American populations as a result of wars and transplanted European diseases, the destruction of pre-existing New World civilizations and the establishment of the Atlantic Slave Trade. Although the intent was to find a new route to Asian trade markets by sailing west from Europe, the discovery of the previously unknown American continent in 1492 also created a new market for the gold and silver found there. The Spanish conquistadors soon began a successful and often devastating campaign of conquest against indigenous civilizations , as they moved across the southern portion of the continent in search of the highly prized precious metals.Full Answer >