On his first expedition, Zebulon Pike left St. Louis, Mo., and explored the Mississippi River as far as Leech Lake and Sandy Lake in Minnesota, and on his second expedition Pike traveled westward to explore the sources of the Red River and the Arkansas River, part of the territory of the newly-acquired Louisiana Purchase. Pike's Peak in Colorado, which he climbed partway, is named after him.Know More
In August 1805, General James Wilkinson, commander of the United States Army, sent Pike up the Mississippi with the task of discovering its headwaters. Pike, then a lieutenant, led twenty men into Minnesota. They spent the winter there and signed a treaty with the Sioux Indians, but they failed to find the river's source.
Wilkinson sent Pike out from St. Louis again in July of 1806. This time he traveled as far as present-day Pueblo, Co., where he explored the mountains and tried to climb Pike's Peak. Afterwards he turned south, and he and his men built a small fort on the shores of the Rio Grande River. As this was then Spanish territory, they were apprehended by Spanish soldiers, who took them first into Mexico before returning them to the United States.
By then, General Wilkinson had been implicated with Aaron Burr in a conspiracy to create a separate nation in the southwest. Pike was briefly suspected of being involved but then cleared. He was later promoted to major and then to general. He died leading an American attack on York, now Toronto in Canada, in 1813.Learn more in Exploration & Imperialism
Lewis and Clark were important because they undertook the first expedition to cross the western part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean. During their expedition, they explored the newly acquired lands of the Louisiana Purchase, surveyed and mapped the land, established a U.S. presence for legal purposes, made friendly contact with many Native American tribes, and scientifically studied local flora and fauna.Full Answer >
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition that circumnavigated the Earth by sailing from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. He is also known for naming the Pacific Ocean.Full Answer >
The Ozark Mountains or Ozark Plateau is a rugged highland area stretching roughly from St. Louis, Mo., to the Arkansas River and occupying parts of Missouri, Arkansas, Illinois and Kansas. The tallest segment is the Boston Mountains, which stands up to 2,000 feet tall.Full Answer >
During their expedition with the Corps of Discovery, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark traveled approximately 3,700 miles from the city of St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean. The expedition left St. Louis on May 14, 1804, and continued for 18 months, concluding at the Pacific Ocean in November 1805.Full Answer >