The Pueblo Indians' arts and crafts include pottery, baskets, weaving, stone carvings and heishi jewelry. All of these arts are created in unique styles that the different Pueblo peoples have developed from their culture and religion, many of them unchanged for centuries.Know More
The Pueblo Indians are a group of several tribes in the southwestern United States, including the Zuni, Hopi, Acoma and Taos. Each tribe has developed distinctive art designs for their crafts, but some motifs and patterns are common to all of them. Geometric figures abound on pottery, baskets and weaving, and in long geometric patterns there is a break somewhere to, according to Pueblo tradition, prevent trapping a spirit. Rain, lightning and other important forces of nature are often present in stylized designs. Animals, birds and the popular rain bird are also found in stylized form. The Zuni in particular carve stone into stylized animal forms, making tiny sculpture fetishes called wemawe.
Pueblo heishi, or shell, jewelry is made of small, drilled-out cylindrical beads, often strung in multiple strands. Some heishi crafts include turquoise and other semi-precious stones, but pure heishi never includes precious metals. Some Pueblo craftsmen also make squash-blossom necklaces, heavy silver inlaid with polished shell, turquoise and local stones with a stylized downward-pointing crescent at the center. This jewelry design may have been imported by the Spanish.Learn more about US History
The Pueblo people lived in the Mesa Verde region of the American Southwest in what is now Arizona and New Mexico. They also lived in some parts of Utah, Colorado and Texas.Full Answer >
Pueblo Indians ate crops they grew, including wheat, peppers, beans, squash and corn. They also made paper-thin bread, called piki, by spreading out corn paste in a thin layer and baking it on a flat stone that was positioned at the edge of the fire.Full Answer >
In the early days, Pueblo Indian men wore very little clothing, whereas the women wore long dress-like garments that covered their right shoulder, with the left exposed. Missionaries later influenced the female garments to make them more modest.Full Answer >
The Chinook Indians wove baskets made from bear grass and carved wooden sculptures. They also hollowed out logs to create canoes that allowed them to travel up and down the river to fish, trade, hunt and wage war.Full Answer >