Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. won hundreds of awards, including the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize and the Medal of Freedom. He was the youngest recipient of the Nobel Prize at the time. He was also awarded the Spingarn Medal of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
King received 50 honorary degrees from various colleges and universities. He also received recognition from the American Jewish Committee when he received the American Liberties Medallion. In 1959, his book "Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story" received the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award. King received several awards posthumously, including the Congressional Gold Medal in 1994. His wife, Coretta Scott King, was also a recipient of the award.
In addition to receiving awards, King received other honors, such as having more than 700 cities rename streets in their communities after him. He also has the distinction of having a monument in the National Mall. In 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill officially creating a federal holiday which honored King. President George H.W. Bush signed a proclamation naming the third Monday of every January the day on which the holiday is celebrated. Despite this, it was only in 2000 that all 50 states officially recognized the holiday.Learn More
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had four children. He married Coretta Scott of Marion, Ala., on June 18, 1953. Together, they had Yolanda Denise, born in 1955; Martin Luther III, born in 1957; Dexter Scott, born in 1961; and Bernice Albertine, born in 1963.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King Jr., Mahatma Ghandi and Henry David Thoreau all advocated for civil disobedience through non-violent means. Also, each of these individuals was, at one time or another, imprisoned for his own non-violent civil disobedience.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr. believed in a number of interrelated principles that served as the foundation of his social activism, including Christianity, non-violence and racial equality. King viewed his Civil Rights work from a spiritual perspective and attempted to distance himself from party politics.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr. was motivated by his desire to see all people treated as equals without discriminatory practices. King saw an injustice in America, and his dedication to the cause grew when he had children and envisioned a race-free future for them.Full Answer >