Joseph Stalin was responsible for heinous acts such as the killing and exiling of millions of farmers who opposed his measures to seize and institutionalize agriculture in the Soviet union. During World War II, Stalin also invaded and subjugated several countries in northern and eastern Europe.Know More
Joseph Stalin was born into poverty, but as a teen, he earned a scholarship in order to study for priesthood in the Georgian Orthodox Church. It was in the city of Tblisi that Stalin became interested in and was exposed to the works of social philosopher Karl Marx.
Eventually, Stalin was expelled from the seminary institution for missing exams, and he became involved with a contentious faction of the Marxist Social Democratic movement. In order to aid in funding in this political organization, Stalin was responsible for a series of bank robberies for which he was arrested, imprisoned and exiled to Siberia.
Stalin's rise to power began in 1912 when the Bolshevik party, in which he had risen in ranks, came to power in Russia. Stalin's rise steadily increased as the Soviet Union was founded under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin. When Lenin died in 1924, Stalin seized political control of the Communist Party.
Under Stalin's dictatorship, which began in the late 1920s, his plan was to centralize control of the entire Soviet economy. Anyone who opposed Stalin's political measures was killed, imprisoned or exiled.
In World War II, a pact with Germany was made with the Soviet Union under Stalin's rule, but Germany broke this pact and invaded Soviet lands. The Soviets almost lost control of their territory, but finally turned back the German army.
In his later years, Stalin's reign of totalitarian dictatorship continued with more imprisonments, exiles and killings of those who politically opposed his regime. He died from a stroke in early 1953, at age 74.Learn more about Cold War
Joseph Stalin was the de-facto ruler and dictator of the Soviet Union between 1924 and 1953, leading the country through World War II and overseeing a modernization of Russia's industry. Stalin's rule is marked with forced rapid industrialization as well as immense human suffering and death.Full Answer >
Joseph Stalin's first step into significant power came in 1922, when he became the General Secretary of the Communist Party, a position he held until his death. He was never elected into office and got his power through a series of intelligent maneuvers.Full Answer >
The collapse of the Soviet Union is inextricably tied to the reformist policies of the then-General Secretary of the Communist Party, Mikhail Gorbachev. Gorbachev came to power in a single-party, multi-ethnic state that ruled a network of satellite countries by force and coercion. By weakening Soviet mechanisms for maintaining power, Gorbachev's reforms undermined the ability of the state to hold onto its possessions and stave off internal challenges.Full Answer >
The Soviet Union lasted from 1922 to 1991. The Soviet state itself was established in 1917, but the entire country was not united until Russia joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Soviet Union was the first state created based on Marxist socialism.Full Answer >