The Battle of Antietam was important because it stemmed the Confederate Army's advance into the northern territories, and provided an opportunity for Lincoln to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation. Though the battle was just the first to be fought in the northern colonies, Lincoln used the retreat of the southern forces at this battle as a sign the Union had the upper hand.
The Battle of Antietam included the bloodiest day of the Civil War; nearly 23,000 soldiers were killed on Sept. 18, 1862, including over 10,000 Confederate troops and over 12,000 Union soldiers. The Union possessed superior forces, so despite its losses, it eventually drove the Confederate troops back. Although neither side landed a crushing blow in this battle, President Lincoln declared it a victory for the north.
Before the Battle of Antietam, the Confederate Army had reeled a string of crushing blows to the Union, pushing battles further north. As the two forces met near the Antietam Creek in Sharpsburg, Md., the Union seemed in peril of succumbing to General Lee's forces. Lincoln needed a victory to justify delivering his rousing Emancipation Proclamation, which he hoped would improve sentiment for the Union cause. He used the weak success of the Battle of Antietam as a form of political cover to justify his speech.Learn More
The known members of The Black Hand, which was officially called Ujedinjenje ili Smrt, Union or Death, were Captain Dragutin "Apis" Dimitrijevic and Gavrilo Princip, the assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The total membership, including many Serbian military officers, is unknown, but it may have amounted to 2,500.Full Answer >
John F. Kennedy's hobbies and interests as a boy included swimming, football, tennis and boating, and he enjoyed English and history, although he had poor grades and disliked all other school subjects. Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States.Full Answer >
Operation Mongoose was established in November 1961 to topple the Castro government in Cuba, according to the Mary Ferrell Foundation. After the Bay of Pigs failure, the Kennedy administration set up Operation Mongoose to find ways to remove Castro from power.Full Answer >
Men in the 1800s wore trousers, hats, neckties and coats. Men also wore evening suits, walking suits and sporting suits.The type of clothing worn depended on the time of day and surrounding events.Full Answer >