Q:

Why was the Battle of Antietam important?

A:

The Battle of Antietam was important because it stemmed the Confederate Army's advance into the northern territories, and provided an opportunity for Lincoln to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation. Though the battle was just the first to be fought in the northern colonies, Lincoln used the retreat of the southern forces at this battle as a sign the Union had the upper hand.

The Battle of Antietam included the bloodiest day of the Civil War; nearly 23,000 soldiers were killed on Sept. 18, 1862, including over 10,000 Confederate troops and over 12,000 Union soldiers. The Union possessed superior forces, so despite its losses, it eventually drove the Confederate troops back. Although neither side landed a crushing blow in this battle, President Lincoln declared it a victory for the north.

Before the Battle of Antietam, the Confederate Army had reeled a string of crushing blows to the Union, pushing battles further north. As the two forces met near the Antietam Creek in Sharpsburg, Md., the Union seemed in peril of succumbing to General Lee's forces. Lincoln needed a victory to justify delivering his rousing Emancipation Proclamation, which he hoped would improve sentiment for the Union cause. He used the weak success of the Battle of Antietam as a form of political cover to justify his speech.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What was the cause of the Battle of Antietam?

    A:

    The Battle of Antietam during the American Civil War was caused by General Robert E. Lee's desire to follow up his victory at the second Battle of Manassas by heading north into Maryland. His intentions were to sever rail links to Washington and seize supplies. When Union Major General George B. McClellan learned of Lee's plan, he moved to intercept him.

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  • Q:

    When was the Battle of Antietam?

    A:

    The Battle of Antietam took place on Sept. 17, 1862. The first major battle fought on Northern soil, the Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest day in U.S. history, causing more than 22,000 casualties.

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  • Q:

    When did the Battle of Antietam start and end?

    A:

    The Battle of Antietam was fought on Sept. 17, 1862. It is known for being the bloodiest one-day battle in the history of the United States, with a total of 22,717 casualties and losses.

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  • Q:

    Why was the Battle of Saratoga important?

    A:

    The Battle of Saratoga was important because it was a crucial turning point in the American Revolutionary War. America finally started to receive international recognition, which led to aid in the war against the British government.

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