The Battle of Trenton was an important event in the American Revolutionary War because it inspired beleaguered American soldiers to reenlist and encouraged more men to join the fledgling American military. The battle took place on December 26, 1776. General George Washington commanded the American Continental Army in a surprise attack against a garrison full of Hessian soldiers.Know More
On Christmas Day, 1776, George Washington led the Continental Army across the partially frozen Delaware River. Several hundred soldiers were unable to complete the perilous, icy crossing, leaving Washington with fewer than 2500 men. After crossing the Delaware, Washington's troops marched nine miles south to Trenton. On the following day, the Continental Army engaged a detachment of 1500 Hessian soldiers. Although many of the American soldiers were nearly frozen and malnourished and lacked adequate winter footwear, they trounced the Hessians. Twenty-two Hessians were killed outright, several dozen received critical injuries and roughly 900 surrendered.
The Battle of Trenton was a landslide victory for the American Continental Army, which lost only two soldiers. Only five Americans received significant injuries; one of them was future United States President James Monroe. However, hundreds more soon perished from illness, infections from previous war wounds, exposure and starvation.Learn more about US History
The last battle of the American Revolutionary War was the Battle of Yorktown, in which General George Washington won a decisive victory over British General Cornwallis. This defeat led to the Treaty of Paris, which ended the war.Full Answer >
The Battle of Yorktown in 1781 was the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War. A significant victory for George Washington's colonial army, it disheartened the British, encouraged the Americans and French, and prompted negotiations to end the war.Full Answer >
In 1775, American colonists defeated the British army in the Battle of Concord, an early skirmish of the American Revolutionary War. The British were holding the North Bridge in Concord, Massachusetts, when American minutemen descended and pushed them back. The British retreated to Boston, 18 miles away.Full Answer >
Mercy Otis Warren was important because she was the first person to write the history of the American Revolutionary War. Her work was published in 1805 under the title "History of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the American Revolution." Besides being a historian, she also was a poet, playwright, dramatist and political writer who through her writing made fun of the British, indicating her strong support for the Revolutionary cause.Full Answer >