Benito Mussolini is famous for being the dictator of Italy from 1922 until his ouster in 1943. He was also the founder of Facism, a political system in which the government controls the private property of its citizens.Know More
Mussolini began his career in politics as a member of the Socialist Party. The Socialists believed in public ownership of the society's productive capability. After serving in the Italian Army during World War I, Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919 with the hope of restoring Italy to its ancient glory.
In 1922, Mussolini began to exploit political and economic turmoil in Italy, and in 1925, he seized dictatorial power of the country. Under Mussolini's leadership, Italy embarked upon numerous public works projects that reduced unemployment and restored order. Italy also invaded Ethiopia and assisted the Fascists in the Spanish Civil war. Impressed with Mussolini's military success, Adolph Hitler formed an alliance with Italy that ultimately led to Mussolini's demise.
In 1942, the Allies, led by the United States and Great Britain, invaded Sicily and began a steady march up the Italian peninsula that prompted the Italian people to force Mussolini from power and arrest him. He was, however, rescued by German commandos and remained free until he was captured on April 27, 1945, by Italian guerrillas, who executed him the following day.Learn more about World War 1
Making the Italian military strong and signing of the Lateran Treaty of 1929 were among Benito Mussolini's major accomplishments. The Lateran Treaty strengthened the relationship between the Vatican and Italy.Full Answer >
Alliance systems that were in place during World War I included the Triple Entente (Britain, Russia, France), the Triple Alliance (Italy, Germany, Austria-Hungary), the Russia-Serbia Treaty and the Britain-Japan Treaty. These alliances contributed to the enormous scale of WWI.Full Answer >
One of the key lasting impacts of World War I upon Italy was the sheer human cost and psychological trauma of it, particularly events like Caporetto. This battle, in addition to claiming the lives of around 300,000 Italian soldiers, also greatly diminished the nation's pride and morale. When the war finished in 1918, the total loss of Italian life tallied to more than 600,000 soldiers and 589,000 civilians, with approximately 950,000 wounded and 250,000 permanently disabled.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I granted Italy a seat on the League of Nations, a share in German war reparations and control of the Tyrol region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Italy had expected much more, fueling resentment that would lead to the rise of fascism.Full Answer >