Black history is full of strong, inspiring leaders, determined to overcome the many challenges faced by their people. One of the most memorable is Martin Luther King, Jr., who gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on Aug. 28, 1963. He deviated from his prepared script at the end when he described all the things that made up his dream for a better world.
The following year, King was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. At the time, he was the youngest recipient of the award. He was 35.
Another inspiring figure in black history was Thurgood Marshall, according to MSN Living. As a lawyer, he fought for civil rights, suing the University of Maryland for discrimination in their law school acceptance policy. In 1954, he appeared before the U.S. Supreme Court, winning the landmark Brown versus Board of Education case. This court decision declared that racial segregation in schools was unconstitutional. Marshall was at the Supreme Court again in 1967, this time as a justice. He served until 1991.
One of black history's earliest leaders was Frederick Douglass, the son of a slave and a white man. Taken from his mother as a baby, Douglass lived as a slave until he was about 20. He escaped and went on to fight against oppression. His anti-slavery newspaper, "The North Star," was named for the light in the night sky that escaped slaves followed to find freedom.Learn More
One prominent example of racial segregation in the United States was the Jim Crow laws, a series of policies in effect from 1876 to 1965. Jim Crow laws segregated people of color from whites in housing, jobs, schools, public transportation, public spaces, military service, prisons and more.Full Answer >
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was an American military officer who was appointed the first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. Beauregard oversaw the bombardment of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, in which the first shots of the American Civil War were fired. The fort's surrender catapulted Beauregard to public acclaim, and he became the first military hero of the Confederacy.Full Answer >
According to the Bill of Rights Institute, America's Great Compromise was responsible for creating a dual system of congressional representation. Each state has two senators while representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.Full Answer >
Some famous Native American scientists are John Herrington, Mary Ross, Dr. Jani Ingram and Dr. David Burgess. The American Indian Science and Engineering Society, an organization of Native Americans in the science, technology, engineering and math fields, had 3,000 members as of December 2014.Full Answer >