Black history is full of strong, inspiring leaders, determined to overcome the many challenges faced by their people. One of the most memorable is Martin Luther King, Jr., who gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on Aug. 28, 1963. He deviated from his prepared script at the end when he described all the things that made up his dream for a better world.Know More
The following year, King was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. At the time, he was the youngest recipient of the award. He was 35.
Another inspiring figure in black history was Thurgood Marshall, according to MSN Living. As a lawyer, he fought for civil rights, suing the University of Maryland for discrimination in their law school acceptance policy. In 1954, he appeared before the U.S. Supreme Court, winning the landmark Brown versus Board of Education case. This court decision declared that racial segregation in schools was unconstitutional. Marshall was at the Supreme Court again in 1967, this time as a justice. He served until 1991.
One of black history's earliest leaders was Frederick Douglass, the son of a slave and a white man. Taken from his mother as a baby, Douglass lived as a slave until he was about 20. He escaped and went on to fight against oppression. His anti-slavery newspaper, "The North Star," was named for the light in the night sky that escaped slaves followed to find freedom.Learn more about US History
Black History Month celebrates the contributions made by African-Americans to the history of the United States. The U.S. observes National African-American History Month in February of each year.Full Answer >
Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, overcame personal and financial hardships as a result of defying Southern U.S. segregation laws by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. She was jailed for her defiance and was soon released. She lost her job as a seamstress when her case garnered publicity, but she rose to become a Civil Rights icon.Full Answer >
The Land Ordinance of 1785 determined how the Ohio country territory would be divided. It was subsequent to the Land Ordinance of 1784, which called for the land to be divided into several different states, but did not address how the divisions should be made.Full Answer >
Historically awarded to the female family members of the Royal Arch Masons, the Heroines of Jericho enabled women to apply for protection, security and subsistence while living in a patriarchal and misogynistic society. A distaff counterpart to the Knights of Jericho, being named a Heroine of Jericho indicated a woman was sufficiently inculcated in the freemasonry fold and was entitled to aid from their fellow Masons and Companions.Full Answer >