Black history is full of strong, inspiring leaders, determined to overcome the many challenges faced by their people. One of the most memorable is Martin Luther King, Jr., who gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on Aug. 28, 1963. He deviated from his prepared script at the end when he described all the things that made up his dream for a better world.Know More
The following year, King was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. At the time, he was the youngest recipient of the award. He was 35.
Another inspiring figure in black history was Thurgood Marshall, according to MSN Living. As a lawyer, he fought for civil rights, suing the University of Maryland for discrimination in their law school acceptance policy. In 1954, he appeared before the U.S. Supreme Court, winning the landmark Brown versus Board of Education case. This court decision declared that racial segregation in schools was unconstitutional. Marshall was at the Supreme Court again in 1967, this time as a justice. He served until 1991.
One of black history's earliest leaders was Frederick Douglass, the son of a slave and a white man. Taken from his mother as a baby, Douglass lived as a slave until he was about 20. He escaped and went on to fight against oppression. His anti-slavery newspaper, "The North Star," was named for the light in the night sky that escaped slaves followed to find freedom.Learn more about US History
Black History Month celebrates the contributions made by African-Americans to the history of the United States. The U.S. observes National African-American History Month in February of each year.Full Answer >
Carter G. Woodson is given credit for laying the foundation of what later became Black History Month. He helped found the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History on Sept. 9, 1915, which expanded Negro History Week to Black History Month in 1976.Full Answer >
Black History Month is an outgrowth of Negro History Week, an event created in 1926 by Carter Woodson, an African-American scholar and historian. In 1976, the annual event was extended to last for one month, during which achievements of African-Americans are honored.Full Answer >
Rosa Parks inspired civil rights protests in 1955 by refusing to give her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. The civil rights protests led to a case before the U.S. Supreme Court, which eventually ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional, says History.com.Full Answer >