Black history is full of strong, inspiring leaders, determined to overcome the many challenges faced by their people. One of the most memorable is Martin Luther King, Jr., who gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on Aug. 28, 1963. He deviated from his prepared script at the end when he described all the things that made up his dream for a better world.Know More
The following year, King was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. At the time, he was the youngest recipient of the award. He was 35.
Another inspiring figure in black history was Thurgood Marshall, according to MSN Living. As a lawyer, he fought for civil rights, suing the University of Maryland for discrimination in their law school acceptance policy. In 1954, he appeared before the U.S. Supreme Court, winning the landmark Brown versus Board of Education case. This court decision declared that racial segregation in schools was unconstitutional. Marshall was at the Supreme Court again in 1967, this time as a justice. He served until 1991.
One of black history's earliest leaders was Frederick Douglass, the son of a slave and a white man. Taken from his mother as a baby, Douglass lived as a slave until he was about 20. He escaped and went on to fight against oppression. His anti-slavery newspaper, "The North Star," was named for the light in the night sky that escaped slaves followed to find freedom.Learn more about US History
Aaron Douglas was one of the most prominent artistic leaders of the Harlem Renaissance because of his distinctive artwork, which was inspired by traditional African art and depicted authentic African American experiences in a unique and compelling way. He was sometimes called "the father of black American art."Full Answer >
Colonial Maryland was primarily settled by Puritan and Catholic followers, who were encouraged to settle there by leaders in England. The two groups were encouraged to live together in the same area, although precautions were made to try to prevent friction between the Puritan majority and Catholic minority.Full Answer >
Some of the effects of the Underground Railroad included slaves making it to freedom, the strengthening of the 1793 Fugitive Slave Law and leaders in the north gaining a better understanding of slave conditions. While around 1,000 slaves per year were able to escape successfully, many did not.Full Answer >
In the 1930s, segregation in America was reversed in the federal government thanks to Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration, and many African American leaders were asking blacks to focus on helping themselves; however, the Jim Crow laws created many problems for African Americans. The Jim Crow laws were passed in the southern states and were what led to most of the segregation practices in this era.Full Answer >