The Boston Tea Party was a political protest held in Boston on December 16, 1773, where a group of demonstrators, dressed up as Native Americans, destroyed a large shipment of tea sent by the British East India Company. The protest, held by the Sons of Liberty, triggered a series of events that culminated in the American Revolutionary War two years later.Know More
The Boston Tea Party was the result of two issues: the financial problems the East India Company faced at the time, and the controversy surrounding the right of British Parliament to levy taxes on colonies. The East India Company was suffering losses because smuggled Dutch tea was sold cheaper, both in Britain itself and in the colonies. To help the company, British Parliament reduced taxes levied on tea exported to British colonies and shifted the burden to the colonies as a tea duty of three pence per pound, a rate that was maintained under the Tea Act of 1773.
Like the Stamp Act of 1765, the Tea Act stirred discontent and colonists argued that it was unconstitutional for the Parliament to levy taxes on colonies that were not represented by elected officials in Britain. As 1774 approached, with it came the prospects of another year of taxes imposed without input from the colonies. Finally the Sons of Liberty decided to send a clear message to Britain, taking action by dumping the tea shipment into Boston Harbor. Great Britain responded by ending self-government in Massachusetts, which led to other protests in the colonies, eventually leading to the American Revolutionary War in 1775.Learn more about US History
The patriots of the American Revolution fought their first open military engagement at the Lexington and Concord battleground near Boston, Mass. The battle took place on April 19, 1775.Full Answer >
Muscovy sponsored Henry Hudson for his first two trips, while the British East India Company sponsored his third. As his trips were not always successful, Hudson struggled to find private sponsors, but he did convince Muscovy, the East India Company and some private benefactors to sponsor his fourth trip.Full Answer >
As a result of the Sepoy Mutiny, which some call the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British government dissolved the British East India Company. The British government then began administering those areas directly, and Queen Victoria became Empress of India.Full Answer >
The Intolerable Acts were laws passed by the British Parliament in England in 1774 in reaction to the Boston Tea Party, which affected the American colonists everywhere. These laws were called acts, so they did not actually take place anywhere in the sense of being an act that was committed.Full Answer >