Purple heart recipients can be researched through an array of online databases, such as thepurpleheart.com. These databases are updated frequently and can contain more than 92 million listings of military service personnel. Some databases also include family member information.Know More
The Purple Heart is awarded to any military service personnel that has been injured, killed or died from wounds while in service to his or her country in the U.S. Armed Services anytime after April 5, 1917.
The Purple Heart's origins date back to the end of the American Revolution. General George Washington was forbidden from granting promotions in rank based upon merit. However, Washington wanted a way to honor his soldiers, and on August 7, 1782, he established the Badge of Military Merit. The award was meant to be permanent, but it fell into obscurity until the 20th century.
In 1918, General John J. "Blackjack" Pershing proposed the need for a badge of military merit, and it wasn't until 1932 that the Purple Heart was created. The first Purple Hearts were awarded on May 28, 1932, to 138 World War I veterans at Temple Hill, in New Windsor, New York, which was the final encampment of the Continental Army during the winter of 1782 to 1783.Learn more in World War 2
During WWII, the Bronze Star was a medal awarded specifically to ground troops engaged between Dec. 6, 1941, and Sept. 2, 1945, in recognition of heroic or meritorious achievement on the field of battle. The medal came into being after a recommendation made by General George C. Marshall to President Roosevelt in which Marshall argued that such a medal would boost morale amongst the ranks of long-suffering infantrymen.Full Answer >
Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935 and later subjugated the country. Italy had previously tried to colonize the country in the 1890s, and Ethiopia was one of the few African states that maintained independence before the invasion.Full Answer >
Italy joined World War II as an ally of Germany in 1940, at the behest of its fascist prime minister, Benito Mussolini, which greatly expanded the geographical scope of the war. The Italian campaigns in North Africa and Greece turned into quagmires that required Germany's intervention. In 1943, partially due to the Allies taking over Sicily, the Italians deposed Mussolini and signed a peace treaty with the Allies.Full Answer >
The Hall of Valor section of the Military Times website has a database of over 70,000 people who have earned Silver Stars. A keyword search brings up those who received Silver Stars in Vietnam in 1968 and 1969.Full Answer >