The cataracts of the Nile are the sections of the Nile River characterized by tremendous shallowness and obstacles, such as big rocks, which make it very difficult to navigate. There are six established cataracts of the Nile, but some scientists believe there are many more.
The reason these sections of the Nile River are of great importance is that they are areas where granite and other similar rocks are found. Boats have never been able to move through cataracts, even in the past. The ancient people relied on strong north winds to sail the river, but they could not pass over the cataracts using the power of wind. Men teamed up to drag the boats across the cataracts.Learn More
The Nile provided Egyptians with easy transportation, extremely fertile soil for farming, a regular, predictable pattern of rising and falling and a rich hunting ground for fish, birds and a variety of mammals. These rich resources enabled settlers to build farms and create food surpluses, encouraging a concentration of people that over time grew into villages and then cities.Full Answer >
Egypt was colonized by several civilizations throughout history, including the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Mamelukes, Ottoman Turks, French and British. Egypt gained full independence from the British in 1936.Full Answer >
For centuries, four million tons of nutrient rich silt were deposited on the farmland forming the floodplain of the Nile River Valley, making the soil an ideal growing medium for plants to provide food for the people living in the surrounding area. While flooding was beneficial to farming, it brought other difficulties, and in 1889, the first Aswan Dam was built to bring flood control.Full Answer >
The Nile has been at the heart of Egypt for 5,000 years due to its role in recharging the desert soil, watering crops and transporting goods along the length of the country. The Nile is so important to Egyptians that the first name of the country, Kemet, was a reference to the black silt that the Nile annually deposited along its banks when it flooded.Full Answer >