The Trail of Tears was caused by the authorization and enforcement of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This initiative, passed by President Andrew Jackson, forced over 20,000 Native Americans out of their ancestral lands in North Georgia. The vast majority of these Native Americans were from the Cherokee Nation.Know More
President Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830 for two reasons. The first reason was the economic value of the land. By relocating the Native Americans from North Georgia, the government was able to sell the land to American settlers and speculators. There is also evidence that the land was rich in gold, which only increased economic interest in the area. The second reason that Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act was the recommendation of President James Monroe. In his last address to Congress in 1825, Monroe emphasized the benefits of passing the legislation.
When the Cherokees refused to leave their homeland, the federal government forcefully removed them. They were relocated to Oklahoma, but suffered an estimated 4,000 casualties along the way. The Cherokees attempted to protest the Indian Removal Act by filing judicial action against the state of Georgia. The case reached the Supreme Court, and John Marshall ruled in favor of the Cherokee Nation. Marshall stated that the U.S. government had no claim to the Cherokee lands. President Jackson, however, refused to enforce the decision.Learn more about US History
The Trail of Tears remains one of the worst human rights disasters to befall Native American peoples in United States history. Between 1838 and 1839, 15,000 Cherokees were taken from their ancestral homes in Georgia and placed on a forced march, finally ending up in the future state of Oklahoma. According to PBS, more than 4,000 of their number ultimately perished en route, due to the horrid conditions.Full Answer >
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 gave the President of the United States the power to trade unsettled land to the Indians for land they inhabited in the same state. Andrew Jackson signed this act into law on May 28, 1830. It led to the famous "Trail of Tears" for the Cherokee nation, which led to the death of 4000 Indians who were removed from their land and forced to go west.Full Answer >
The Trail of Tears began in the summer of 1838, when General Winfield Scott, on orders from President Martin Van Buren, forcibly escorted approximately 15,000 Cherokee from their lands east of the Mississippi to Oklahoma. The Cherokee named this journey the "Trail of Tears."Full Answer >
The Trail of Tears became a symbol of the forced relocation of Native Americans from the land of their ancestors in the 19th century. The difficult and often deadly journey resulted in very few natives remaining in the southeastern United States by the end of the 1830s.Full Answer >