The Amritsar Massacre was caused by thousands of people going to attend the Sikh Baisaki festival without realizing that there was a recent ban on public assemblies due to the British Brigadier General Reginald Dyer. There was a nationalist demonstration being held there and Dyer's troops immediately opened fire on the crowd without warning killing hundreds of people and wounding more than a thousand people.Know More
Dyer continued to let his troops murder people until their full artillery had been used. He later admitted to ordering the attack for its moral effect on the people. British authorities would remove him from his post in the region after this incident.
The Amristar Massacre took place on April 13, 1919, in the city of Amristar. The city of Amristar is known as the holy city of the Sikh religion. The massacre created nationalist feelings in many of India's people. In fact, it had a large effect on Mohandas Gandhi. After the Amristar Massacre, Gandhi felt that India should not accept anything less than full independence from Britain whereas before he supported the British in Word War I as he hoped for partial autonomy. This led to Gandhi's organization of his first campaign of mass civil disobedience against the British opposition.Learn more about Modern Asia
Mahatma Gandhi's four sons were named Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. Gandhi had all four children with his wife, Kasturba, whom he married in May of 1883, when he was 13 years old. They had an arranged marriage, which is customary in India.Full Answer >
Mother Teresa's greatest achievement was probably the founding of the Missionaries of Charity, an order of nuns dedicated to alleviating the suffering of the poor. Established in 1950 in Calcutta, India, it has grown from its initial 12 members to more than 4,000 worldwide as of 2014.Full Answer >
India won the Kargil War, which was a short conflict which began in May of 1999 when Pakistani soldiers infiltrated Kashmir, the northernmost region of India along the border with Pakistan. The war ended in July of 1999 with the withdrawal of Pakistani forces.Full Answer >
The Communist Revolution in China was a civil war between the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Nationalist Party that occurred in 1949 and 1950. On Oct. 1, 1949, Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the country was now the People's Republic of China, and the two sides began open warfare. The Communists quickly gained the upper hand, taking over the country while the Nationalists retreated to Taiwan.Full Answer >