Bleeding Kansas is a term coined by newspaper editor Horace Greeley to describe the bitter clash between anti-slavery and pro-slavery factions. Both sides fought and spilled blood over Kansas joining the Union as a free or slave state.
In 1854, the citizens of the Kansas territory were given the right to determine if Kansas would be a free or slave state. The Kansas-Nebraska Act used the concept of popular sovereignty to overrule the Missouri Compromise. People on both sides of the slavery debate rushed into Kansas to influence the decision.
Ruffians from the Missouri border crossed into Kansas and attacked abolitionists and free state supporters. Some abolitionists, like John Brown, took up arms to fight back. People were killed during these clashes, which led to Horace Greeley coming up with his famous Bleeding Kansas phrase.
The political and physical battles in Kansas went on for several years. Both sides had formed a hard line and refused to compromise. Free-state settlers continued to flow into Kansas from northern states. The town of Lawrence, Kansas was looted by pro-slavery ruffians, which sparked abolitionist John Brown to respond with violence of his own.
Eventually, the citizens of Kansas voted to become a free state in 1861.Learn More
Acadians settled in Louisiana after being persecuted and forced to leave their homes during the French and Indian War between England and France. While some of the Acadians went back to France, many traveled south to then Spanish-controlled Louisiana.Full Answer >
After rebellion broke out in Cuba in 1895, the Spanish-American war began when reports of Spain's vicious military tactics led to public outcry in the United States. The destruction of an American battleship, the USS Maine, and the U.S. government's resolution to stop Spanish occupation by force sparked further conflict.Full Answer >
Xanthorrhiza is a Civil War word that starts with the letter "x." Patented during the war, Xanthorrhiza is the pharmaceutical name for a natural medication created from the root of Xanthorrhiza apiifolia, also known as "yellow root" due to its distinctive coloring. Administered in powdered or liquid form with alcohol to mask its bitter taste, the tonic was used for the treatment of battlefield wounds, infections and injuries.Full Answer >
Elizabeth Cochrane titled the reports of her 1889 trip around the world "Around the World in Seventy-Two Days." Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days" inspired the journalist to embark on the journey.Full Answer >