The Nullification Crisis was caused by South Carolina's signing of the 1832 Ordinance of Nullification, which ruled the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 unconstitutional. It confirmed the notion that a state's power should overrule federal laws that were not part of the United States Constitution.
In 1832, South Carolina declared the power of the state should supersede, or nullify, certain federal laws. In this particular case, the state found two particular tariffs that were not included in the U.S. Constitution were detrimental to the economic standing in South Carolina. Under the Ordinance, the South Carolina convention was given unlimited power. There was disagreement within the state and between it and other states, which led to what has been termed the Nullification Crisis.Learn More
The main effect of the Nullification Crisis was to establish the supremacy of the federal government over state governments. It also eventually became a factor in causing the Southern states to nullify the Union itself, bringing about their secession and the creation of the Confederacy.Full Answer >
President Andrew Jackson, in response to the nullification crisis of 1832, threatened to send federal troops to any state that tried to "nullify" federal laws. The action was directed at the state of South Carolina, whose leaders, led by John C. Calhoun, opposed a tariff bill passed by U.S. Congress. Ultimately, a compromise was reached and armed conflict did not occur.Full Answer >
Franklin D. Roosevelt's first action as president was signing into law the Emergency Banking Relief Act, initiating his New Deal in a special session of Congress. This act gave the Federal Reserve the ability to issue as much cash as necessary to certain banks in trouble.Full Answer >
The signing of the Constitution on Sept. 17, 1787, happened after the American Revolution, which began on April 19, 1775. The French and Indian War, The Sugar Act and the Stamp Act took place earlier.Full Answer >