Q:

What caused the Reign of Terror?

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Quick Answer

The Reign of Terror was the result of conflicts between rival political groups of the Girondins and the Jacobins. This period of time lasted from September 1793 to July 1794, and it happened after the execution of King Louis XVI.

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Full Answer

During the Reign of Terror, 16,000 people lost their heads. The goal was to rid France of anyone who was against the French Revolution. Famous people who lost their lives during the Reign of Terror included Marie Antoinette, Madame Roland, Philippe Egalite and Antoine Lovoisier. Basically, anyone who was a threat to the new government, including nobles, priests and hoarders, lost their lives.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What happened during the Reign of Terror?

    A:

    The Reign of Terror in 18th-century France began with the imprisonment and death of Marie Antoinette, followed by the execution of 2,400 people. The Revolutionary Tribunal is thought to have ordered the deaths of 30,000 people across France. Maximilien de Robespierre led the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety and was directly responsible for the Reign of Terror, which he believed would lead to the Republic of Virtue.

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  • Q:

    What was the Committee of Public Safety?

    A:

    The Committee of Public Safety exercised executive power in France during the period known as the Reign of Terror. Established in March, 1793, when the revolutionary government confronted counterrevolutionaries in France, the Committee of Public Safety became a radical dictatorship presiding over thousands of political executions.

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  • Q:

    Who was the Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror?

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    The Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror was Maximilien Robespierre. Initially, Robespierre opposed using the death penalty, but counter-revolutionary uprisings caused him to implement executions as a means of advancing the French Revolution.

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  • Q:

    How did the Reign of Terror come to an end?

    A:

    The Reign of Terror came to an end when its leader, Maximilien Robespierre, was executed. The aim of the Reign of Terror was to purge France of those who opposed the French Revolution.

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