The Scientific Revolution occurred between 1550 and 1700 A.D., thanks, in part, to Copernicus' heliocentric cosmos theory. Newton's Universal Laws and Mechanical Universe are considered the end of the Scientific Revolution.
While historians argue over the exact dates of the Scientific Revolution, most agree that the traditional interpretation of the period was based on a belief in the core transformation of cosmology and astronomy. These shifts effected physics and some historians claim the sciences of anatomy and physiology too.The main cause of this shift relied on Copernicus' discovery of a heliocentric cosmos in "De Revolutionibus."
Copernicus' heliocentric cosmos theory required proofs and new developments were necessary. New astronomical observations were discovered with Tycho Brahe, and theoretical changes concerning the planets' movements were associated with Johannes Kepler's new theories in physics regarding motion, paving the way for the likes of Galileo Galilei, Rene Descartes, Isaac Newton and Christiaan Huygens.
The implications of the Scientific Revolution were huge with Newtonian Synthesis arguing for an infinite, quantitative homogeneous universe instead of a finite, closed, hierarchical, qualitative universe. This change essentially meant that all things were one. One set of laws to govern one kind of matter in one kind of space. These views also questioned dominant theological thought and changed the way people understood their relationship to "God, Nature and Man."Learn More
Religious and political conflicts between Parliament and the monarch of England caused the Glorious Revolution. It resulted in increased powers for Parliament, more independence in the American colonies and the Protestant domination of Ireland. The Glorious Revolution, which occurred in 1688, set the stage for the evolution of constitutional monarchy in Great Britain.Full Answer >
Galileo Galilei had five siblings. He was the first of six children born to Vincenzo Galilei, a musician, and Giulia Ammannati. Galileo was born on Feb. 15, 1564, in Pisa, Italy.Full Answer >
Raphael contributed to the Renaissance through the paintings, frescoes and architecture he created and designed throughout his career. He is considered one of the greatest artists of the period, along with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.Full Answer >
Shakespeare worked for an acting company called The Lord Chamberlain's Men starting in the early 1590s, which then changed its name to King's Men after King James I took the throne in 1603. The company was considered popular and records show that Shakespeare both acted and wrote plays for the company.Full Answer >