The Columbian Exchange took place as a result of the European colonization of the Americas. The transfer of culture and biology between the Old and New World that characterizes the exchange began when Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean Islands in 1492.Know More
After its separation millions of years ago from a landmass containing Eurasia and Africa, the American continent experienced a period of ecological isolation. As a result of this isolation, its ecosystems evolved separately and took on different characteristics to those found elsewhere in the world.
Following Columbus' arrival, many of the European nations were interested in colonizing the newly discovered land and sent men in ships to conquer territory, find gold and convert the local people to Christians. With the arrival of these foreign colonizers, the native people living in the Americas were exposed to not only European people and their culture for the first time, but also to new varieties of animals, plants and diseases.
Similarly, the European colonizers were also exposed to biological and cultural elements that did not exist in the Old World. This exchange between the continents was completed when returning Europeans took home with them the goods and microorganisms particular to the American continent.Learn more in Exploration & Imperialism
The Monroe Doctrine stated that North and South America were no longer open to European colonization and any effort to subjugate countries in the western hemisphere was an attack on the United States. It stipulated that the United States would avoid interfering in internal European affairs or existing European colonies.Full Answer >
Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer and navigator, is important because he is credited with discovering the New World, which is now known as the Americas. His explorations paved the way for the colonization and explorations of these areas.Full Answer >
While imperialism in the 19th and 20th centuries largely involved Western European countries imperializing countries and peoples in Asia, Africa and the Americas, there are few if any countries that have not been on the losing side of imperialism at some point or another. While the Age of Imperialism lasted from around 1700 until the middle of the 20th century, imperialism in the broader sense of using military, economic and political strength to gain control over other lands and peoples has existed since the beginning of civilization.Full Answer >
Christopher Columbus is widely credited as the first European explorer to discover the Americas when he landed in late 1492. It was Columbus' discovery of the American continents and subsequent communication with Spain that led to ultimate travels to the Americas and colonization by European settlers.Full Answer >