The Columbian Exchange took place as a result of the European colonization of the Americas. The transfer of culture and biology between the Old and New World that characterizes the exchange began when Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean Islands in 1492.Know More
After its separation millions of years ago from a landmass containing Eurasia and Africa, the American continent experienced a period of ecological isolation. As a result of this isolation, its ecosystems evolved separately and took on different characteristics to those found elsewhere in the world.
Following Columbus' arrival, many of the European nations were interested in colonizing the newly discovered land and sent men in ships to conquer territory, find gold and convert the local people to Christians. With the arrival of these foreign colonizers, the native people living in the Americas were exposed to not only European people and their culture for the first time, but also to new varieties of animals, plants and diseases.
Similarly, the European colonizers were also exposed to biological and cultural elements that did not exist in the Old World. This exchange between the continents was completed when returning Europeans took home with them the goods and microorganisms particular to the American continent.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
The Monroe Doctrine stated that North and South America were no longer open to European colonization and any effort to subjugate countries in the western hemisphere was an attack on the United States. It stipulated that the United States would avoid interfering in internal European affairs or existing European colonies.Full Answer >
Hernando Cortes was a Spanish conqueror and explorer commonly known for his defeat of the Aztec people in the Americas. He did not treat the Aztec people in a kind manner and exploited them for vast amounts of wealth.Full Answer >
Jacques Marquette was born in France, but with a keen interest in travel and discovery, he traveled to Quebec, Canada in the Americas to be a missionary. He later traveled down the Mississippi River into what is now the United States.Full Answer >
Christopher Columbus is widely credited as the first European explorer to discover the Americas when he landed in late 1492. It was Columbus' discovery of the American continents and subsequent communication with Spain that led to ultimate travels to the Americas and colonization by European settlers.Full Answer >