The Columbian Exchange took place as a result of the European colonization of the Americas. The transfer of culture and biology between the Old and New World that characterizes the exchange began when Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean Islands in 1492.Know More
After its separation millions of years ago from a landmass containing Eurasia and Africa, the American continent experienced a period of ecological isolation. As a result of this isolation, its ecosystems evolved separately and took on different characteristics to those found elsewhere in the world.
Following Columbus' arrival, many of the European nations were interested in colonizing the newly discovered land and sent men in ships to conquer territory, find gold and convert the local people to Christians. With the arrival of these foreign colonizers, the native people living in the Americas were exposed to not only European people and their culture for the first time, but also to new varieties of animals, plants and diseases.
Similarly, the European colonizers were also exposed to biological and cultural elements that did not exist in the Old World. This exchange between the continents was completed when returning Europeans took home with them the goods and microorganisms particular to the American continent.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
The Monroe Doctrine stated that North and South America were no longer open to European colonization and any effort to subjugate countries in the western hemisphere was an attack on the United States. It stipulated that the United States would avoid interfering in internal European affairs or existing European colonies.Full Answer >
While imperialism in the 19th and 20th centuries largely involved Western European countries imperializing countries and peoples in Asia, Africa and the Americas, there are few if any countries that have not been on the losing side of imperialism at some point or another. While the Age of Imperialism lasted from around 1700 until the middle of the 20th century, imperialism in the broader sense of using military, economic and political strength to gain control over other lands and peoples has existed since the beginning of civilization.Full Answer >
Triangular trade, or triangle trade, involved companies, profiteers, slave traders and African slaves traded between Europe, Africa and the Americas from the 1600s to the 1860s. The system started in Europe when boats carried goods to Africa that were traded for African slaves. These slaves then made the perilous journey to America, while the third trade route shipped products to Europe, making a triangle-shaped round trip in the Atlantic Ocean.Full Answer >
Amerigo Vespucci was the first explorer to reach continental lands in the Americas when he discovered the Amazon River and the sites of today's Rio de la Plata and Rio de Janeiro, and he gave South America the name "the New World." In 1507, the region that explorers were learning about was not an extension of the Asian continent and took the name "America" in Vespucci's honor.Full Answer >