There are several conditions that may lead to people becoming refugees, including warfare, political instability and natural disasters such as floods, tsunamis and famines. Refugees are defined as people who must leave their homes or native areas for reasons of safety and survival. Natural and man-made disasters can cause large segments of the population to flee from their native states, regions and countries into neighboring territories to wait temporarily until it is safe to move back home, or relocate for good.Know More
The issue of refugees was first addressed by the United Nations, which established rules and regulations in 1951, via a document called the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, which defined the term “refugee” and set forth laws governing the control and resettlement of displaced people.
The Convention was enacted initially to provide guidance for host nations that saw large influxes of people forced to leave their homelands during World War II. Although the Convention was initially established for creating policies for World War II refugees, its use was expanded during the late 1960s to include refugees displaced by other reasons such as natural disasters and marginalization. Although refugees are found in many countries throughout the world, the top three hosts of refugees are Pakistan, Thailand and Cambodia, according to National Geographic.Learn more about Modern History
Martin Luther King Jr. was a driving force behind various civil rights reforms in the United States because he believed in freedom for all people. He received a Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his work.Full Answer >
The benefits of an absolute monarchy include the ability to raise people to rule, provide stable leadership, create swift change and the inability of the leader to blame others for his or her ruling. In the modern world there is only one absolute monarchy, the Vatican, due to its emphasis on a single leader.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela became a worldwide symbol of the struggle of his people for emancipation and sparked a global movement. He changed the history of South Africa through his steadfast adherence to the cause against apartheid during his 25 years of imprisonment.Full Answer >
As a result of the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, 57 people died. Earthquakes started on March 15, gradually building into small eruptions and then culminating in the massive eruption of May 18.Full Answer >