The characteristics of Mesopotamian civilization included the city-state, irrigation, polytheistic religion, three distinct social classes and the development of the solar calendar. Mesopotamian civilization is thought to have been the first human civilization center of the world.Know More
The Sumerians found the Mesopotamian area before any other group of people and settled there. They built their cities along the Lower Mesopotamia rivers and created technological advances including wheels and plows as well as detailed irrigation systems, using canals and levees, that allowed crops to flourish. In fact, the name "Mesopotamia" means the "land between the rivers."
One of the most important parts of the Mesopotamian civilization was its religion. The Sumerians believed in multiples gods and goddesses, and they built seven cities with a temple at each one dedicated to a different divine figure. Each city also had its own army for protection against other civilizations. Everything that the Sumerians did, they did in consultation with the gods and the goddesses. These deities were instrumental parts of the Sumerians lives.
Another advancement in the Mesopotamian civilization was the invention of the solar calendar. The solar calendar had 12 months that were based around the moon though there were no seasons. It was not until 1582 that the Gregorian calendar was introduced.Learn more about Mesopotamia
The Sumerian civilization formed around 4000 B.C. and disappeared in 2000 B.C. The Sumerians settled in the fertile regions surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. They established communities in structured city-states, which featured layouts with temples to honor deities in city centers.Full Answer >
Some of the major contributions of the Babylonian Empire to civilization include building the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, considered as one of the ancient seven world wonders; fashioning jewelry; using contracts for commercial transactions; developing two significant literary pieces; and establishing the Code of Hammurabi, which became the foundation for many existing laws in modern times. Babylon, serving as the capital of the empire, was a powerful city-state in the ancient region of Mesopotamia.Full Answer >
The Assyrians were a highly advanced ancient people group with an empire that spanned from modern-day Iraq to Turkey, according to the Ancient History Encyclopedia. The empire became very affluent through the merchant trade in Anatolia.Full Answer >
Five of the characteristics of a civilization are literacy, public architecture, public wealth, professions and a social hierarchy. The existence of urban centers, infrastructure and permanent habitations are also considered as defining characteristics of a civilization. Many other defining characteristics exist, and while the type and number can depend upon the source consulted, a civilization is often most broadly defined as any complex state society.Full Answer >