Some of the most important characteristics of Roman architecture include arches, columns and the use of marble and limestone. Roman architects were heavily influenced by early Greek architects, particularly in their use of Doric, Corinthian and Ionic columns.Know More
Roman architects used columns to give buildings a traditional look. The portico of the Pantheon, for example, had 16 columns. Architects continued to use columns even when they were not needed to preserve a building's structural integrity.
Arches were used to create taller and wider structures. Roman architects also used interior arches to support the weight of heavy structures. The Colosseum had dozens of arches, making it a symbol of pride for Romans.
Many Roman buildings were made with marble or limestone. Marble was one of the finest materials available at the time. In some cases, marble dust was mixed with gypsum, sand and other materials. Limestone was used as a substitute for marble because it was strong and could be carved easily.Learn more about Ancient Rome
One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Full Answer >
Cincinnatus was a hero of the Roman Republic because he willingly chose to give up his powers as dictator when he completed the tasks assigned to him. Instead of becoming a tyrant, he went back to his simple farm to provide for his family. For these actions, the Roman Republic hailed him as the embodiment of the virtues of simplicity and altruistic love for the republic.Full Answer >
Ancient Roman farming was a prestigious and respected occupation that was primarily concerned with spelt cultivation. According to UNRV History, the Romans cultivated asparagus, cucumbers, lettuce, cabbage, garlic, figs, apricots, plums, mulberries and many other types of produce. The Romans also maintained vineyards, olive groves, meadows and irrigated produce gardens. Farmers also raised certain animals. Horses, however, were primarily reserved for war.Full Answer >
Roman soldiers wore a variety of clothes, including socks, loincloths, leg wraps, trousers, armor, cloaks, belts and sandals. Roman soldiers, like civilians, dressed according to weather conditions during the different seasons. Soldiers wore heavier fabrics, such as wool, in the wintertime and switched to clothing made of light, loose and breathable linen and cotton during warmer weather.Full Answer >