Some of the most important characteristics of Roman architecture include arches, columns and the use of marble and limestone. Roman architects were heavily influenced by early Greek architects, particularly in their use of Doric, Corinthian and Ionic columns.Know More
Roman architects used columns to give buildings a traditional look. The portico of the Pantheon, for example, had 16 columns. Architects continued to use columns even when they were not needed to preserve a building's structural integrity.
Arches were used to create taller and wider structures. Roman architects also used interior arches to support the weight of heavy structures. The Colosseum had dozens of arches, making it a symbol of pride for Romans.
Many Roman buildings were made with marble or limestone. Marble was one of the finest materials available at the time. In some cases, marble dust was mixed with gypsum, sand and other materials. Limestone was used as a substitute for marble because it was strong and could be carved easily.Learn more about Ancient Rome
One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Full Answer >
The Roman name for Persephone is Proserpina. Like Persephone, she was abducted by the god of the netherworld while picking flowers. In Proserpina's case, the god of the underworld is Pluto, as opposed to the Greek god Hades in the case of Persephone.Full Answer >
Soldiers in the ancient Roman army used a sword, called the gladius, and a javelin, which was called a pilum. Members of the Roman infantry also utilized the hasta, a type of spear, to engage their enemies.Full Answer >
The Codex Justinianus, or the Code of Justinian, is a collection of essential Roman jurisprudence works issued by order of Emperor Justinian I in the sixth century that has a major influence on public law across Europe. Justinian's codification of Roman Law is often considered the foundation of Western legal tradition.Full Answer >