A state is defined by multiple characteristics, including a government body and bureaucracy, a concentration of labor and population and a surplus of food. Other characteristics involve social stratification of the people and the levying of taxes for public works, military and police forces.Know More
Sovereign states are those that require no outside powers to provide these characteristics, as they can generate these resources from within their borders. Federated states give up portions of their power to a federal government designed to harness the economic strengths of the states as a whole. A state's power is in constant flux due to changes in political, economic and military policies. States rely on rule of law to alter many of these characteristics, and they require governments to enforce these laws.
Both nations and governments differ from the definition of a state. Nations are defined as a geographical region and the people who share the area as one social group, whereas a government is the group of people that controls the mechanisms of state maintenance. While the three concepts often intertwine, each defines a different portion of the group of people or area. Some of the earliest historical examples of states are Rome and Greece.Learn more about US History
In the Articles of Confederation, each state in the United States had only one vote in the unicameral legislature. States' rights and limiting the power of the federal government were the aims of this organization.Full Answer >
President Andrew Jackson, in response to the nullification crisis of 1832, threatened to send federal troops to any state that tried to "nullify" federal laws. The action was directed at the state of South Carolina, whose leaders, led by John C. Calhoun, opposed a tariff bill passed by U.S. Congress. Ultimately, a compromise was reached and armed conflict did not occur.Full Answer >
Oregon formally joined the Union as a state in 1859, after holding a constitutional convention in 1857 and drafting a governing document modeled after those of several midwestern states. Prior to statehood, the territory was disputed by several countries.Full Answer >
The state of Kentucky's name originated from the Wyandot word, which is defined as plain, referring to the central plains abundant in the state. The name was first recorded in 1753, yet the territory of Kentucky was not established until 1790, and Kentucky became a state in 1792.Full Answer >