Charles Babbage was an English engineer, inventor and mathematician who invented the first automatic digital computer. Scholars consider Babbage to be one of the "fathers of the computer." He is most famous for his series of machines known as analytical engines, complex apparatuses designed to perform general computation.Know More
Despite the fact that many of his inventions went unfinished (usually due to lack of funding or personality issues), Babbage's concepts and creations laid the foundation for the invention of the modern computer.
The most pioneering of Babbage's machines was the Analytical Engine. The purpose of this device was to perform any arithmetical operation. It utilized instructions from punch cards, branching and looping, sequential control and a memory unit in which it stored numbers. Babbage built many models of the Analytical Engine, but unfortunately he never completed the machine to his specifications.
The precursor to the Analytical Engine, the Difference Engine, was also a highly influential invention. The Difference Engine was meant to compute the values of polynomial functions by using the method of finite differences. Babbage envisioned his machine as a solution to the fallibility of nautical calculation and transcription. The Difference Engine also remained unfinished until British scientists completed the machine to Babbage's specifications in 1991.Learn more about Modern Europe
During the 1820s, Charles Babbage invented the difference engine, a machine that was capable of making mathematical calculations. Babbage also invented the analytical engine, which was a machine that could read punch cards to perform arithmetical calculations and had a built-in memory unit for storing numbers.Full Answer >
Switzerland is officially known by the Latin name "Confoederatio Helvetica" for historical reasons. "Confoederatio" means "confederation" and "Helvetica" is a reference to the Helvetians, a Celtic tribe that lived in Switzerland when the Romans invaded. The English equivalent of the Latin name is "Swiss Confederation."Full Answer >
The Titanic had 10 decks. The top deck was known as the Boat Deck and was the location of the ship's lifeboats. It had entrances leading to the first class grand staircase, gymnasium, first class lounge and first class smoking room as well as a second class entrance.Full Answer >
Despite the fact that production of war necessities, such as automobiles and airplanes, skyrocketed, Europe suffered heavy debt thanks to World War I, and paying back this debt threw the economy of Europe into a period of great inflation. Out of all of Europe, Germany was hit the hardest.Full Answer >