Xanthorrhiza is a Civil War word that starts with the letter "x." Patented during the war, Xanthorrhiza is the pharmaceutical name for a natural medication created from the root of Xanthorrhiza apiifolia, also known as "yellow root" due to its distinctive coloring. Administered in powdered or liquid form with alcohol to mask its bitter taste, the tonic was used for the treatment of battlefield wounds, infections and injuries.Know More
Out of the estimated 620,000 soldiers who lost their lives during the Civil War, approximately two-thirds died as a result of disease and not enemy fire. The need to fight disease and treat large numbers of wounded soldiers during the Civil War prompted improvements in American health care and ultimately lead to the modern era of medicine that began in the 20th century.
As the needs of the sick and injured spurred technological advances in health care, makeshift hospitals were replaced with pavilion and field hospitals. These updated, more-efficient hospital systems facilitated the keeping of medical records and reports, which helped spread knowledge and encourage beneficial treatments over bad practices. By the end of the war, thanks to clean, properly ventilated hospitals and improved medical treatment practices, the mortality rate for hospitalized patients was just 8 percent.Learn more about US History
The Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked the Union-controlled Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C. The war officially ended on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Va.Full Answer >
In 1865, the Union declared victory over the Confederate States following their surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, Va. The American Civil War was fought between the Northern states of the Union and the Southern Confederate States of America.Full Answer >
The American Civil War was primarily fought over differences of opinion about the right of the federal government to determine whether slavery was legal in individual states; the hostile action that started the actual war was the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in South Carolina, which occurred on April 12, 1861. The secession of seven Southern states after the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as president triggered the war.Full Answer >
The main reasons for the secession of the Southern from the Union were states' rights, unfair taxation and slavery. In general, the states that seceded felt that the laws of the Union were unfair.Full Answer >