The climate of Rome included freezing winters, frigid rains, warm and wet summers, moist winds and drought. Humidity and coolness were more prevalent in the early days of Rome. There were also varied weather patterns from 250 to 600 A.D., and experts believe there was a period of dryness by the third century.Know More
Before the decline of the Roman Empire, witness accounts stated that cool summers, freezing weather and harsh winters occurred when Rome was a kingdom and a republic. There were also reports of the Danube and Rhine Rivers freezing over, which allowed invading armies to venture into Rome. The southern part of Italy was marked with greater precipitation and arid weather. A cooler climate was present from 600 to 100 B.C. There were also conflicting reports of whether heavy moisture was present in the east from 1 to 600 A.D. By the time of Augustus' reign, the climate grew warmer. The winds were described as harsh, with one account mentioning that moisture-bearing winds ruined books.
Researchers believe that varying weather led to the collapse of the Roman Empire through agricultural disruption and mass migration of people from other places in Europe. Experts believe that many people also migrated to Rome to live in the Mediterranean climate. Cooling and severe droughts were weather patterns that had negative impacts on Roman society.Learn more about Ancient Rome
At its height, the empire of Ancient Rome covered large chunks of Southern Europe, Western Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Rome was the founding city and government hub of Ancient Rome and was located in what is now known as central Italy.Full Answer >
Ancient Rome was characterized by physical features like the Tiber River, the Alps mountains and the Italian peninsula, though the Empire eventually expanded to include land across much of modern-day Europe. Some of Rome's most important physical features, including the Alps, helped give the Empire an advantage over competitors.Full Answer >
While individual plebeians, or freeborn Roman citizens outside the patrician, senatorial and equestrian classes, were able to gain economic power by amassing wealth and joining the equestrian class, their chances of joining the politically influential senatorial class were extremely remote. Collectively, however, plebeians were able to effect political and social change by forming a mob and rebelling against their social superiors.Full Answer >
The Ancient Romans were able to maintain the loyalty of people in the lands they conquered by granting Roman citizenship to loyal subjects, acting as a protector and allowing a degree of religious and political freedom in the acquired territories. Romans were also encouraged to settle in the conquered lands and help spread Roman ideals and culture to the indigenous people in the new territories.Full Answer >