The colors of the Twelve Tribes of Israel are red; green; a striped red, white and black; sky blue; dark blue; clear; blue; purple; gray; aquamarine, black and lastly, a mixture of all colors. The colors derive from gemstones spoken of in Exodus and the Midrash, which states that each stone of the Twelve Tribes’ breastplate matched the flag’s background.
Corresponding gemstones spoken of in Exodus 28:17-21 are ruby, jade, agate, carbuncle, lapis lazuli, quartz crystal, turquoise, amethyst, aquamarine, onyx and opal, which contains many colors. According to Exodus 28:21, signet rings set with the stones represented each of the Twelve Tribes.
Twelve sons of Jacob became the leaders of the Twelve Tribes. Reuben, Levi, Simeon, Issachar, Judah and Zebulun were sons by Jacob’s wife, Leah. Benjamin and Joseph were sons by Jacob's wife, Rachel. Naphtali and Dan were sons by Rachel’s maid, Bilhah, and Asher and Gad were sons by Leah’s maid, Zilpah.
The Neo-Assyrian Empire deported 10 of the Tribes, when it conquered Israel around 722 B.C. Groups claiming descent are Bene Israel, Bnei Menashe, Beta Israel of Ethiopia, Igbo Jews and the Pashtuns. Other theories claim the Cimmerians or Scythians, Native Americans, the Japanese and the Lemba of South Africa were members of the lost tribes.Learn More
The Inca empire lasted from 1438 until 1532, when the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro arrived and conquered the empire. The Inca civilization began around the year 1200, but their empire did not begin until Pachacuti set out to bring as many neighboring people under Inca control as possible in 1438.Full Answer >
The Aztecs adapted to their surrounding environment in several ways, including making floating gardens to enable agricultural production on water surfaces, building canoes and creating dikes. The Aztecs lived in a swampy and moist environment in the vicinity of Lake Texcoco, which lies in the Valley of Mexico. The Aztecs encountered hurdles specific to their environment, such as frequent floods, which necessitated certain adaptations to allow the Aztecs to survive and even thrive.Full Answer >
The Huron Indians, also known as the Wyandot, ate corn, beans and squash that the women of the tribe grew, as well as deer, bear, wild turkey and fish brought in by the tribe's men. They also grew sunflowers for the seeds.Full Answer >
The Zhou Dynasty saw a shift in power from the king to the feudal lords. During this time, astrological maps were made, a calendar perfected and magnetism discovered. Iron tools and weapons were forged during the Warring States Period and fertilizers and pesticides began to be used for crops. Basic arithmetic, fractions and geometry were also developed.Full Answer >