Ulysses S. Grant was the commander of the Union Army. Grant was given the rank of lieutenant general and was the first to have this title since George Washington.
Grant had three main offenses that he planned to use to end the war in a year. Grant headed up the battle to defeat Robert E. Lee's army and capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va. The other two offenses were made up of destroying the farmland in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and taking Atlanta from the Confederacy. Grant entrusted General Phillip Sheridan and General William Tecumseh Sherman with the responsibility of carrying out the other two strikes.Grant lost half of his men from March to June of 1864, earning him the nickname "Butcher" from antiwar activists called Peace Democrats.