A list of Christopher Columbus' crew for the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria, the three ships that sailed on Columbus' first voyage, does exit. As of 2014, no records have been found indicating the crew members of subsequent voyages.Know More
There are actually two lists of Columbus' crew, compiled by two different people. One list of names was collected by John Boyd Thacher, and the other more recent list was created by Alice Bache Gould. There were a total of 87 crewmen on the three ships. Four of them took advantage of an offer from the Spanish sovereigns. The deal offered them amnesty of their crimes if they agreed to become one of the crew members. This deal was offered to many convicts, but only four accepted the deal.
The first crews were made up of various professions. There were pilots, or captains, apprentices, servants, seamen, doctors, carpenters, cabin boys, surgeons and owners of the ships. The pay the crew members received depended on what their duties were while on the ship. Some of the names of the crew on the lists may not be the actual names. In that time, many were known by their given name and then the name of the province or city they were from. For example, Christopher Columbus' real name was Christobal Colon.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Causes of Imperialism were the desire for economic gain and a belief that a country's values were superior and the desire to spread religion while the effects of Imperialism were increases in infrastructure in the countries being explored and a loss of identity for their citizens. Imperialism benefited the countries doing the colonizing, not the countries being colonized.Full Answer >
The specific names of John Cabot's crew members aboard the Matthew are unknown. According to Visit Newfoundland, there were 18 to 20 crew members, including a Burgundian, a Genoese barber who also acted as a surgeon, two or three Bristol merchants, and a Bristol crew. Other required crew members were a sailmaker and ship's carpenter to make repairs, a boatswain, a cook, and a first and second mate.Full Answer >
Bartolomeu Dias was a European mariner who discovered a shipping route from Europe to Asia. The shipping route rounded the Cape of Good Hope and Africa's southern point, Cabo Das Agulhas, and entered the Indian Ocean.Full Answer >
The Napoleonic Wars changed the landscape of war, politics and national borders. They introduced the ideas of Total War, military camouflage, civil liberties, constitutional limits on monarchy, independence from colonizing nations and a unified Europe.Full Answer >