World War II ended in two stages: the total destruction of the German government in Berlin in May 1945 and the capitulation of the Japanese government four months later. In each case, the victorious Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of the Axis nations' land, sea and air forces, as well as a political surrender of their civil governments.Know More
Germany surrendered first. In April 1945, with hundreds of thousands of Soviet soldiers fighting toward the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler took his own life in a fortified bunker complex beneath the building. After Hitler's death, what was left of the German state was administered by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz of the German Navy. His brief term ended with his arrest in the temporary capital of Flensburg on May 23. The surviving leaders of the Third Reich were put on trial at Nuremberg, and many of them were eventually executed.
Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on Sept. 2, 1945, aboard the USS Missouri, which was then docked in Tokyo Harbor. American histories tend to credit the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki for the Japanese decision to surrender, though Japanese and Russian scholarship credit the Soviet Union's Aug. 8 declaration of war and subsequent attack on Manchuria for the final breakdown in the Japanese war effort.Learn more about World War 2
The Holocaust is generally said to have taken place from the time that Adolf Hitler was elected as Chancellor on January 30, 1933, to the conclusion of World War II, on May 8, 1945. This time period marks the discrimination and persecution of Jewish people and other minorities.Full Answer >
Word War II began in Europe on September 1, 1939, and ended on May 8, 1945. The beginning of the war was marked by the German invasion of Poland, while the end is considered to be Germany's unconditional surrender.Full Answer >
World War II officially started in Europe onÂ September 1, 1939 when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. Great Britain and France responded by formally declaring war against Germany 2 days later. The United States initially distanced itself from the war, until the Japanese aerial bombing ofÂ Pearl Harbor, which made the war global in 1941.Full Answer >
The timeline of World War II officially begins in 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, causing Britain and France to declare war on Germany, and ends with Japan's surrender Sept. 2, 1945. But the first rumblings of World War II began in 1932, when the Nazi party won a majority in the German legislature and Japan invaded Manchuria, which it held until the war was over.Full Answer >