World War II ended in two stages: the total destruction of the German government in Berlin in May 1945 and the capitulation of the Japanese government four months later. In each case, the victorious Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of the Axis nations' land, sea and air forces, as well as a political surrender of their civil governments.Know More
Germany surrendered first. In April 1945, with hundreds of thousands of Soviet soldiers fighting toward the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler took his own life in a fortified bunker complex beneath the building. After Hitler's death, what was left of the German state was administered by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz of the German Navy. His brief term ended with his arrest in the temporary capital of Flensburg on May 23. The surviving leaders of the Third Reich were put on trial at Nuremberg, and many of them were eventually executed.
Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on Sept. 2, 1945, aboard the USS Missouri, which was then docked in Tokyo Harbor. American histories tend to credit the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki for the Japanese decision to surrender, though Japanese and Russian scholarship credit the Soviet Union's Aug. 8 declaration of war and subsequent attack on Manchuria for the final breakdown in the Japanese war effort.Learn more about World War 2
The Holocaust is generally said to have taken place from the time that Adolf Hitler was elected as Chancellor on January 30, 1933, to the conclusion of World War II, on May 8, 1945. This time period marks the discrimination and persecution of Jewish people and other minorities.Full Answer >
Examples of famous U.S. World War II ships with Battle Stars include the USS Enterprise, USS San Diego, USS San Francisco and USS O'Brien. Multiple types of ships were used in World War II, including battle cruisers, carriers, submarines, destroyers and transport ships.Full Answer >
Following World War II, life in the United States became more prosperous as the country became a global superpower. Public policies, such as the GI Bill of Rights of 1944, assisted returning veterans in receiving a college education. This bill also helped the veterans buy homes and farms.Full Answer >
On August 15, 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers, and Japanese officials signed the surrender documents on September 2, 1945, ending the war. The Japanese boarded the USS Missouri, a United States battleship, to sign the surrender documents.Full Answer >