World War II ended in two stages: the total destruction of the German government in Berlin in May 1945 and the capitulation of the Japanese government four months later. In each case, the victorious Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of the Axis nations' land, sea and air forces, as well as a political surrender of their civil governments.Know More
Germany surrendered first. In April 1945, with hundreds of thousands of Soviet soldiers fighting toward the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler took his own life in a fortified bunker complex beneath the building. After Hitler's death, what was left of the German state was administered by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz of the German Navy. His brief term ended with his arrest in the temporary capital of Flensburg on May 23. The surviving leaders of the Third Reich were put on trial at Nuremberg, and many of them were eventually executed.
Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on Sept. 2, 1945, aboard the USS Missouri, which was then docked in Tokyo Harbor. American histories tend to credit the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki for the Japanese decision to surrender, though Japanese and Russian scholarship credit the Soviet Union's Aug. 8 declaration of war and subsequent attack on Manchuria for the final breakdown in the Japanese war effort.Learn More
The U.S. policy of containment after World War II attempted to inhibit the spread and influence of communism and the Soviet Union worldwide. The Soviet state at the time actively encouraged communist uprisings in many post-war countries in Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia and Africa.Full Answer >
Though the conflicts began much earlier, World War II did not officially begin until September 1, 1939. The massive war ended 6 years later in 1945.Full Answer >
Kristallnacht was a public riot that occurred in Germany, Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia, on Nov. 9th and 10th, 1938. The Nazis vandalized Jewish businesses and social centers, such as synagogues, schools, shops and homes, and sent up to 30,000 Jewish men to concentration camps.Full Answer >
The main countries in the Allied powers of World War I were France, the British Empire and the Russian Empire. The main Allied powers of World War II were France, Great Britain, the United States, China and the Soviet Union.Full Answer >