The 8-mile long Confederation Bridge connects the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick. Worldwide, it is the longest bridge to span ice-covered water. The bridge was chosen by popular vote to replace ferry service between the provinces. The $1 billion bridge, which took four years to complete, was opened on May 31, 1997.Know More
The bridge has a concrete box girder structure that rests on more than 60 piers. The hollow interior design allows utility lines to cross the water, connecting Prince Edward Island to the mainland. The elevation of the Confederation Bridge runs between 131 and 200 feet. This is high enough to allow sea ships such as cruise liners to pass beneath it.
Many safety features were incorporated into the design. The bridge has gentle curves so drivers must pay attention. The bituminous mixture that covers the road reduces the amount of water that vehicles spray up during wet weather. Barriers over 3 1/2 feet high serve as windbreakers and also reduce distractions. Rainwater, melting snow and ice exit the bridge through over 7,000 drain ports. However, during high winds, vehicles taller than 7 feet 2 inches, motorcycles and towing vehicles are prohibited from using the bridge.
Driving across the bridge takes about 10 minutes. Only passenger and commercial vehicles are allowed to cross it. Because of safety considerations, pedestrians and bicyclists must take shuttles.Learn more about US History
The Articles of Confederation were the first constitution adopted by the fledgling American government in 1777. The Articles were a document that laid out a governmental structure in which the federal government was relatively weak and the individual state governments had more power, thus laying a basic foundation for the final United States Constitution that is still in effect today. In addition to laying the foundation for the system of government that would be approved by the Founding Fathers of the United States, it was also the first official document to formally announce the name of the new nation: the United States of America.Full Answer >
The Articles of Confederation failed because of the lack of a strong central government. The Articles had a number of weaknesses that caused them to be rewritten and turned into the current U.S. Constitution.Full Answer >
After adoption by the Continental Congress on Nov. 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were eventually approved by all 13 states by March 1, 1781. The Articles served as the written document that established the functions of the federal government.Full Answer >
Composed in 1776 and formally ratified in 1781, the Articles of Confederation gave the fledgling United States the internal structure and cohesion it needed to form a government and fight its way out from under British rule. The Articles were redrafted multiple times, but proved potent as an ordering force even before official ratification.Full Answer >