Apolinario Mabini dedicated his life so that Filipinos could attain independence from the Spanish government. Known as "the Brains of the Revolution," Mabini was born on July 22, 1864 in Tanauan, Batangas, and is considered a great Filipino revolutionary hero.
Mabini was also the right hand and very close friend of President Emilio Aguinaldo, who appointed him as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines in his newly formed government. He created decrees and revised the first Constitution called the Malolos Constitution for the First Philippine Republic. Apolinario Mabini died at the age of 38 in Manila, on May 13, 1903.Learn More
India won the Kargil War, which was a short conflict which began in May of 1999 when Pakistani soldiers infiltrated Kashmir, the northernmost region of India along the border with Pakistan. The war ended in July of 1999 with the withdrawal of Pakistani forces.Full Answer >
Known for non-violent civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent political and spiritual leader of India during the nation's struggle for independence from Great Britain. Gandhi assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1922 after organizing farmers, urban laborers and peasants in protests against discrimination and excessive land taxes. His continuing efforts toward achieving independence ultimately led to England transferring power to a partitioned India in 1947.Full Answer >
Jose Rizal was a hero of Filipino ancestry who was not inspired by any person, so much as by the plight of his people under Spanish colonial rule. He was a prodigy from a very young age, and eventually excelled at medicine, literature, martial arts, painting and agriculture.Full Answer >
A controversial figure in Chinese history, Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China, transforming the nation into a socialist state and nationalizing industry and business under the government while implementing socialist reforms. His ideology, a combination of Marxist-Leninist thought and his political and military policies, is referred to under the collective umbrella of Maoism. He's praised for modernizing China and criticized for being a dictator who violated human rights.Full Answer >