The Babylonians used a base 60 numbering system that serves as the basis of modern time telling and the degrees in a circle. Modern mathematical systems use a base 10 system for easy counting, but the number of seconds in a minute, as well as minutes in an hour, derives from the Babylonian counting system.
Know MoreThe base 60 system the Babylonians used helped them derive a fairly accurate calendar. It required periodic adjustments, but the Earth's movement is not precisely regular. In fact, even in modern times adjustments are necessary through leap years and periodic changes of a few seconds to the atomic clock that tracks world time.
The Babylonians also developed a table of squares that some elementary math teachers use to help students learn their squares. Using that table, the Babylonians could derive the product of any two integers up to 59. Their formula for these two integers was similar to a*b = [(a + b)^2 - (a - b)^2] / 4. This reduced the number of multiples they had to memorize. Therefore, rather than learning an entire times table, they only had to learn the squares; however, they had to remember the formula.
Another primary difference between Babylonian math and modern math is that the Babylonian system lacked a zero or another symbol signifying the absence of value.
Learn more about Ancient GreeceEuclid was a Greek mathematician who developed a theorem that was later named in his honor as the Euclidean Algorithm. He developed a version of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, and he showed that no finite collection of primes contains them all.
Full Answer >Some of the major contributions of the Babylonian Empire to civilization include building the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, considered as one of the ancient seven world wonders; fashioning jewelry; using contracts for commercial transactions; developing two significant literary pieces; and establishing the Code of Hammurabi, which became the foundation for many existing laws in modern times. Babylon, serving as the capital of the empire, was a powerful city-state in the ancient region of Mesopotamia.
Full Answer >Isaac Newton developed the principles of modern physics through his studies on mathematics, optics and motion. His book "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica," or "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy," is often cited as the most influential document on physics. Isaac Newton is most famous for his law of gravitation.
Full Answer >Ancient Rome made a variety of contributions to modern day society including allowing Christianity to spread throughout western civilization and forming the basis for democracy. Ancient Rome also provided an architectural influence with the dome and uses for the arch, which is prevalent in stadiums and public buildings.
Full Answer >