Even though the Aztecs are remembered as a violent, warlike people, their peaceful contributions influence today's society in such fields as education and pharmacology. The Aztec empire was one of the first to require mandatory education for its children. It began as a form of homeschooling, and, at 12 years of age, boys and girls left home to attend formal schools.Know More
Another contribution made by the Aztecs is in pharmacology. By using herbs and flowers, they were able to create medicines used to prevent muscle spasms and reduce pain. One of their medicines, which used the sap of an agave plant to heal and disinfect wounds, is still used today to kill E. coli bacteria.
Aztec innovations influence today's society in many other ways, such as food, language and art.Learn more about Ancient America
There were a number of jobs available in Aztec society, and people had access to certain types of work depending on the social group they were born into. Farm work formed the foundation of the Aztec economy, but there were also diverse middle class occupations like merchant, artisan and soldier.Full Answer >
Aztecs used chinampas, or long, narrow man-made islands built on the shallow lakes of Central Mexico, for their most intensive farming. The Encyclopaedia Britannica states that these chinampas provided fertile, dedicated fields composed of layered dirt and mud divided by wide navigable canals.Full Answer >
The Aztecs traded crops such as beans, corn, pears, squash, tobacco, cotton, tomatoes and peppers as well as turkeys, feathers and blankets. Because they didn't have a monetary system in place, the Aztecs bartered with goods.Full Answer >
The Aztecs adapted to their surrounding environment in several ways, including making floating gardens to enable agricultural production on water surfaces, building canoes and creating dikes. The Aztecs lived in a swampy and moist environment in the vicinity of Lake Texcoco, which lies in the Valley of Mexico. The Aztecs encountered hurdles specific to their environment, such as frequent floods, which necessitated certain adaptations to allow the Aztecs to survive and even thrive.Full Answer >