Cultural, economical, religious and political contributions made by the ancient Roman empire hold strong in today's Western society. From engineering aqueducts to creating newspapers and implementing welfare, Roman contributions are as relevant today as they were when the empire fell more than 1,500 years ago.Know More
Romans used their engineering skills to perfect the aqueduct, leading to public toilets and baths, a sewage system and fresh drinking water. The Romans also invented cement. However, the original recipe was lost, and the technique for making cement was only rediscovered in 1824.
Newspapers were also founded, and they addressed political, cultural and military occurrences. Originally, these newspapers were only available to a select few, until Julius Cesar ordered them to be available to the public.
The formation of the Roman Republic led way to modern democracy. The Republic was formed to limit dictatorship by distributing power through three government branches. The concept of the citizen was also born. While citizenship did not span across women or all social classes equally, citizens were allowed to vote, marry freeborn women and engage in commerce.
Romans are also responsible for the spread of Christianity. Roman emperor Constantine established Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire in the year 312. Prior religious beliefs required sacrifices to appease the gods. Christianity offered people the ability to have a one-on-one personal relationship with a single god.Learn more about Ancient Rome
According to many sources in Roman history and mythology, the city was founded on April 21 in 753 B.C.E. The date corresponded to the festival for the Roman goddess Pales, who was the patron goddess of shepherds.Full Answer >
C.Â Julius Caesar Octavianus, also known asÂ Octavian, was able to gain power in Rome by virtue of being named in Julius Caesar's will as the late ruler'sÂ heir and posthumously adopted son (formerly grand-nephew). Although this created tensions between Octavian and Mark Antony, who had already taken leadership following Caesar's assassination, Octavian's natural prowess for politics and strategy, not to mention the Senate's distrust of Mark Antony, gave him an advantage.Full Answer >
Julius Caesar changed Rome in a number of significant ways, from conquering more lands and defeating invading armies in order to expand the Roman empire to quelling uprisings and relieving debt. He helped to turn Rome into a cultured and enlightened hub.Full Answer >
Ancient Rome had a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and mild winters. During the summer months, temperatures can often exceed 95 degrees Fahrenheit around the middle of the day. The average temperature in the winter is around 55 F.Full Answer >