At its height, the Roman Empire covered much of Europe, including areas that would become Portugal, Spain, Andorra, England, France, Monaco, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy, San Marino, Malta, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hungary, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and Armenia. It also included territory in the Middle East and Africa that later became Syria, Iraq, Cyprus, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.Know More
The Roman Empire also annexed some outlying areas. Portions of what would later become the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Sudan were at one time administered by the empire.
The empire began in 27 B.C. when the Roman Senate formally granted Octavian, Julius Caesar's adopted son, greater power and the new title Augustus, effectively ending the Roman Republic. It reached its height in the year A.D. 117. By the third century, the overextended empire struggled to handle invasions, civil unrest and economic uncertainty.
Emperor Diocletian was able to stem the empire's decline somewhat, partially by refusing absolute power and splitting the empire first in half and then into four regions between A.D. 286 and 293. The Western Roman Empire fell when Romulus Augustus was deposed in A.D. 476 , while the Eastern Roman Empire evolved into the Byzantine Empire, lasting until 1453, when the Ottomans took Constantinople.Learn more about Ancient Rome
The Romans were known to be great pet enthusiasts, and ancient sources refer to dogs, cats, songbirds, parrots, monkeys, rabbits, turtles and snakes all being kept as pets. Birds were great favorites, particularly among wealthy Romans who are known to have kept swans, herons, ravens, pigeons, ducks and chickens.Full Answer >
Historians believe that the city of Rome was founded in 625 BC, which means that the Romans lived more than two and a half thousand years ago. The final fall of Rome occurred in the year 1453 AD, which means that some Romans lived less than six hundred years ago.Full Answer >
Some Roman innovations still in use today include paved roads, concrete, the Julian calendar and sewer systems. Many Roman inventions were necessitated by the empire's gigantic scale and population.Full Answer >
The Romans became powerful after Rome changed from a monarchy to a republic. As a monarchy, the city-state was unable to prevent foreign rulers from assuming power.Full Answer >