Q:

What countries did the Vikings invade?

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Quick Answer

During the Viking Age, between the seventh and 11th centuries, Norse traders, raiders and colonists established a presence in countries as far apart as modern-day Canada and Iran. The Vikings emerged mostly from coastal communities in Norway, Denmark and Sweden to explore, and eventually settle in, most European and Mediterranean countries. They established colonies in North America and maintained a presence in Greenland that lasted nearly 500 years.

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What countries did the Vikings invade?
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Full Answer

Countries closest to the Vikings' homeland were the most vulnerable to raids and efforts at colonization. Britain, Ireland, France and Russia were frequent targets of Viking attacks, as well as being the Norsemen's main trading partners. Norse settlers founded dynasties in Normandy, England and Russia. Even the Mediterranean island of Sicily came under Norse rule. Norse settlers followed Eric the Red, and his son, Leif, to Greenland and North America, which they called Vinland. Norse settlements that date to the Viking Age have been excavated across Russia and the Caspian Sea basin. At the southern edge of the Caspian Sea, a number of Norse settlements are known to have existed in what would later become Iran. Much of the Black Sea coast was also colonized by the Norse, including the Crimea and territories in the modern nation of Turkey.

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Related Questions

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    Where did the Vikings settle?

    A:

    During 800 to 1150 A.D., referred to as the Viking Age, many Vikings left their homeland of Scandinavia to resettle in other areas such as Ireland, Scotland, England, Iceland, Greenland and as far off as Canada, France and Sicily. Scandinavia consisted of the countries Norway, Sweden and Denmark.

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  • Q:

    How did the Vikings travel?

    A:

    The Vikings were from Scandinavia, an area that included islands, peninsulas and ocean-bordering lands, so their primary means of transportation was by using their boats and ships. At the beginning of the Viking Age, Reference.com says they were "the best shipbuilders and sailors in the world," eventually sailing to Greenland and North America.

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    What did the Vikings drink?

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    The Vikings typically relied upon fresh water from streams to drink during the day. They were also known to drink buttermilk and weak ale. During times of feast, the Vikings would drink beer or mead, which is an alcoholic beverage made of honey.

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  • Q:

    What did the Vikings invent?

    A:

    The Vikings invented the longboat during the Vikings Age from 800 to 1100 A.D. This type of ship helped them travel the oceans to reach France, England, Scotland, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Vinland and the Middle East. Thus, they became a dominant force in European medieval trade, politics and warfare.

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